Ice Hockey Findings

Psychosocial Factors Associated With Time to Recovery After Concussion in Adolescent Ice Hockey Players

Luszawski CA, Plourde V, Sick SR, Galarneau J, Eliason PH, Brooks BL, Mrazik M, Debert CT, Lebrun C, Babul S, Hagel BE, Dukelow SP, Schneider KJ, Emery CA, Yeates KO

Clin J Sport Med. 2024 May 1;34(3):256-265. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001187. Epub 2023 Sep 14.


Preseason Measures of Cervical Spine Function, Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex, Dynamic Balance, and Divided Attention in Youth Ice Hockey Players

Graham RF, Eliason PH, Black AM, Sick S, Schneider GM, Galea OA, Emery CA, Schneider KJ

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2023 Nov 30:1-28. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2023.11958. Online ahead of print.


Concussion in Canadian Youth Ice Hockey: What Is Needed to Decrease the Burden?

Williamson RA, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med. 2023 Nov 1;33(6):571-572. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001147. Epub 2023 Apr 4.


Physical Contact and Suspected Injury Rates in Female versus Male Youth Ice Hockey: A Video-Analysis Study

Williamson RA, Cairo AL, Heming EE, Kolstad AT, Hagel BE, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med. 2023 Nov 1;33(6):638-642. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001149. Epub 2023 Apr 5.


Factors Associated With Concussion Rates in Youth Ice Hockey Players: Data From the Largest Longitudinal Cohort Study in Canadian Youth Ice Hockey

Eliason P, Galarneau J, Shill I, Kolstad A, Babul S, Mrazik M, Lebrun C, Dukelow S, Schneider K, Hagel B, Emery C

Clin J Sport Med. 2023 Sep 1;33(5):497-504. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001177. Epub 2023 Jul 11.


Can Referees Assess Head Contact Penalties Correctly in Canadian Youth Ice Hockey? A Video Analysis Study

Williamson RA, Kolstad AT, Eliason PH, Hagel BE, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med. 2023 Sep 1;33(5):483-488. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001133. Epub 2023 Feb 21.


Shoulder Check: Investigating Shoulder Injury Rates, Types, Severity, Mechanisms, and Risk Factors in Canadian Youth Ice Hockey

Gibson ES, Eliason PH, West SW, Black AM, Lebrun C, Emery CA, Pasanen K

Clin J Sport Med. 2023 Jun 30. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001169. Online ahead of print.


Protective equipment in youth ice hockey: are mouthguards and helmet age relevant to concussion risk?

Kolstad AT, Eliason PH, Galarneau J, Black AM, Hagel BE, Emery CA.

Br J Sports Med. 2023 May;57(10):571-577. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2022-105585. Epub 2023 Mar 14.


Are Self-Reported and Parent-Reported Attention Problems and Hyperactivity Associated With Higher Rates of Concussion in Youth Ice Hockey Players?

Gerschman T, Brooks BL, Mrazik M, Eliason PH, Bonfield S, Yeates KO, Emery CA, Schneider KJ.

Clin J Sport Med. 2023 Mar 1;33(2):130-138. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001080. Epub 2022 Oct 5.


Does Increasing the Severity of Penalties Assessed in Association With the "Zero Tolerance for Head Contact" Policy Translate to a Reduction

Williamson RA, Kolstad AT, Nadeau L, Goulet C, Hagel B, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med. 2022 Nov 1;32(6):e598-e604. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001063. Epub 2022 Aug 18.


Evaluating the Effect of Policy Prohibiting Body Checking on Physical Contacts in U15 and U18 Youth Ice Hockey Leagues

Kolstad AT, Chin M, Martinez G, Janzen L, Krolikowski M, Goulet C, Nadeau L, Hagel BE, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med. 2022 Nov 1;32(6):e614-e619. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001060. Epub 2022 Jul 20.


Bodychecking experience and rates of injury among ice hockey players aged 15-17 years

Eliason PH, Hagel BE, Palacios-Derflingher L, Warriyar V, Bonfield S, Black AM, Mrazik M, Lebrun C, Emery CA

CMAJ. 2022 Jun 20;194(24):E834-E842. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.211718.


No association found between body checking experience and injury or concussion rates in adolescent ice hockey players

Eliason P, Hagel BE, Palacios-Derflingher L, Warriyar KV V, Bonfield S, Black AM, Babul S, Mrazik M, Lebrun C, Emery C

Br J Sports Med. 2022 Feb 15;bjsports-2021-104691. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2021-104691. Online ahead of print.


Body checking in non-elite adolescent ice hockey leagues: it is never too late for policy change aiming to protect the health of adolescents

Emery CA, Eliason P, Warriyar V, Palacios-Derflingher L, Black AM, Krolikowski M, Spencer N, Sick S, Kozak S, Schneider KJ, Babul S, Mrazik M, Lebrun C, Goulet C, Macpherson A, Hagel BE

Br J Sports Med. 2022 Jan;56(1):12-17. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-103757. Epub 2021 May 20.


Helmet Fit Assessment and Concussion Risk in Youth Ice Hockey Players: A Nested Case-Control Study

Gamble ASD, Bigg JL, Sick S, Krolikowski M, Patton DA, Hagel BE, Emery CA.

J Athl Train. 2021 Aug 1;56(8):845-850. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-0294.20.


Reality Check 2: The Cost-Effectiveness of Policy Disallowing Body Checking in Non-Elite 13- to 14-Year-Old Ice Hockey Players

Currie GR, Lee R, Palacios-Derfligher L, Hagel B, Black AM, Babul S, Mrazik M, Marshall DA, Emery CA

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jun 11;18(12):6322. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18126322.


An Economic Evaluation of Disallowing Body Checking in 11- to 12-Year-Old Ice Hockey Leagues

Currie GR, Lee R, Black AM, Palacios-Derfligher L, Hagel BE, Emery CA, Marshall DA

Sports Health. 2022 Mar-Apr;14(2):292-298. doi: 10.1177/19417381211021551. Epub 2021 Jun 6.


Incidence of Head Contacts, Penalties, & Player Contact Behaviors in Youth Ice Hockey: Evaluating the "Zero Tolerance for Head Contact" Policy Change

Williamson RA, Kolstad AT, Krolikowski M, Nadeau L, Goulet C, Hagel BE, Emery CA

Orthop J Sports Med. 2021 Mar 5;9(3):2325967121992375. doi: 10.1177/2325967121992375. eCollection 2021 Mar.


Mouthguard use in youth ice hockey and the risk of concussion: nested case-control study of 315 cases

Chisholm DA, Black AM, Palacios-Derflingher L, Eliason PH, Schneider KJ, Emery CA, Hagel BE

Br J Sports Med. 2020 Jul;54(14):866-870. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2019-101011. Epub 2020 Jan 14.


Does disallowing body checking in non-elite 13- to 14-year-old ice hockey leagues reduce rates of injury and concussion? A cohort study

Emery C, Palacios-Derflingher L, Black AM, Eliason P, Krowlikowski M, Spencer N, Kozak S, Schneider KJ, Babul S, Mrazik M, Lebrun CM, Goulet C, Macpherson A, Hagel BE

Br J Sports Med. 2020 Apr;54(7):414-420. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2019-101092. Epub 2019 Sep 6.


The Association Between Moderate & Vigorous Physical Activity & Time to Medical Clearance to Return to Play Following Sport-Related Concussion

Lishchynsky JT, Rutschmann TD, Toomey CM, Palacios-Derflingher L, Yeates KO, Emery CA, Schneider KJ

Front Neurol. 2019 Jun 6;10:588. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00588. eCollection 2019.


Concussion Burden, Recovery, and Risk Factors in Elite Youth Ice Hockey Players

Schneider KJ, Nettel-Aguirre A, Palacios-Derfliingher L, Mrazik M, Brooks BL, Woollings K, Blake T, McKay C, Lebrun C, Barlow K, Taylor K, Lemke N, Meeuwisse WH, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med. 2021 Jan;31(1):70-77. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000673.


Physical activity and concussion risk in youth ice hockey players: pooled prospective injury surveillance cohorts from Canada

Blake TA, Doyle-Baker PK, Brooks BL, Palacios-Derflingher L, Emery CA

BMJ Open. 2018 Sep 4;8(9):e022735. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022735.


The risk of injury associated with body checking among Pee Wee ice hockey players: evaluation of Hockey Canada's national body checking policy change

Black AM, Hagel BE, Palacios-Derflingher L, Schneider KJ, Emery CA

Br J Sports Med. 2017 Dec;51(24):1767-1772. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097392. Epub 2017 Mar 9.


The Effect of the "Zero Tolerance for Head Contact" Rule Change on the Risk of Concussions in Youth Ice Hockey Players

Krolikowski MP, Black AM, Palacios-Derflingher L, Blake TA, Schneider KJ, Emery CA

Am J Sports Med. 2017 Feb;45(2):468-473. doi: 10.1177/0363546516669701. Epub 2016 Oct 28.


Do children & adolescent ice hockey players with & without a history of concussion differ in robotic testing of sensory, motor & cognitive function?

Little CE, Emery C, Scott SH, Meeuwisse W, Palacios-Deflingher L, Dukelow SP

J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2016 Oct 12;13(1):89. doi: 10.1186/s12984-016-0195-9.


Policy change eliminating body checking in non-elite ice hockey leads to a threefold reduction in injury & concussion risk in 11- & 12-year-old

Black AM, Macpherson AK, Hagel BE, Romiti MA, Palacios-Derflingher L, Kang J, Meeuwisse WH, Emery CA

Br J Sports Med. 2016 Jan;50(1):55-61. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095103.


Baseline evaluation in youth ice hockey players: comparing methods for documenting prior concussions and attention or learning disorders

McKay CD, Schneider KJ, Brooks BL, Mrazik M, Emery CA

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2014 May;44(5):329-35. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2014.5053. Epub 2014 Mar 27.


Psychometric properties and reference values for the ImPACT neurocognitive test battery in a sample of elite youth ice hockey players

McKay CD, Brooks BL, Mrazik M, Jubinville AL, Emery CA

Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2014 Mar;29(2):141-51. doi: 10.1093/arclin/act116. Epub 2014 Jan 2.


Injury rates, types, mechanisms and risk factors in female youth ice hockey

Decloe MD, Meeuwisse WH, Hagel BE, Emery CA

Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jan;48(1):51-6. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091653. Epub 2013 Feb 27.


The epidemiology of professional ice hockey injuries: a prospective report of six NHL seasons

McKay CD, Taufts RJ, Shaffer B, Meeuwisse WH

Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jan;48(1):57-62. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092860.


Subjective, but not objective, lingering effects of multiple past concussions in adolescents

Brooks BL, McKay CD, Mrazik M, Barlow KM, Meeuwisse WH, Emery CA

J Neurotrauma. 2013 Sep 1;30(17):1469-75. doi: 10.1089/neu.2012.2720. Epub 2013 Jul 26.


Preseason reports of neck pain, dizziness, and headache as risk factors for concussion in male youth ice hockey players

Schneider KJ, Meeuwisse WH, Kang J, Schneider GM, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med. 2013 Jul;23(4):267-72. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e318281f09f.


The role of psychosocial risk factors for injury in elite youth ice hockey

McKay C, Campbell T, Meeuwisse W, Emery C

Clin J Sport Med. 2013 May;23(3):216-21. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e31826a86c9.


What factors increase the risk of concussion in elite youth ice hockey players?

Blake TA, Kang J, Meeuwisse WH, Lemke N, Schneider KJ, Taylor KA, Emery CA

British Journal of Sports Medicine 2013;47:e1.


Risk of injury and concussion associated with team performance and penalty minutes in competitive youth ice hockey

Emery CA, Kang J, Schneider KJ, Meeuwisse WH

Br J Sports Med. 2011 Dec;45(16):1289-93. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090538.


Risk of injury associated with body checking among youth ice hockey players

Emery CA, Kang J, Shrier I, Goulet C, Hagel BE, Benson BW, Nettel-Aguirre A, McAllister JR, Hamilton GM, Meeuwisse WH

JAMA. 2010 Jun 9;303(22):2265-72. doi: 10.1001/jama.2010.755.


Examining attitudes toward body checking, levels of emotional empathy, & levels of aggression in body checking & non-body checking youth hockey

Emery CA, McKay CD, Campbell TS, Peters AN

Clin J Sport Med. 2009 May;19(3):207-15. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e31819d658e.


Injury rates, risk factors, and mechanisms of injury in minor hockey

Emery CA, Meeuwisse WH

Am J Sports Med. 2006 Dec;34(12):1960-9. doi: 10.1177/0363546506290061. Epub 2006 Jul 21.


Injury rates and profiles in female ice hockey players

Schick DM, Meeuwisse WH

Am J Sports Med. 2003 Jan-Feb;31(1):47-52. doi: 10.1177/03635465030310011901.


The impact of face shield use on concussions in ice hockey: a multivariate analysis

Benson BW, Rose MW, Meeuwisse WH

Br J Sports Med. 2002 Feb;36(1):27-32. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.36.1.27.


Risk factors for groin injuries in hockey

Emery CA, Meeuwisse WH

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Sep;33(9):1423-33. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200109000-00002.


Head and neck injuries among ice hockey players wearing full face shields vs half face shields

Benson BW, Mohtadi NGH, Rose MS, Meeuwisse WH

JAMA. 1999 Dec 22-29;282(24):2328-32. doi: 10.1001/jama.282.24.2328.


Groin and abdominal strain injuries in the National Hockey League

Emery CA, Meeuwisse WH, Powell JW

Clin J Sport Med. 1999 Jul;9(3):151-6. doi: 10.1097/00042752-199907000-00006.