Basketball

Basketball

The "SHRed Injuries Basketball" Neuromuscular Training Warm-up Program

Emery CA, Owoeye OBA, Räisänen AM, Befus K, Hubkarao T, Palacios-Derflingher L, Pasanen K

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther January 2022


Who participated in this study?

In season 1, sixty-three teams (502 players) participated and in season 2, thirty-one teams (307 players) participated.

When did this study occur?

Season 1 occurred during the 2016-2017 basketball season, while season 2 occurred during the 2017-2018 season.

Why did we do this research?

To evaluate the effectiveness of the SHRed Injuries Basketball neuromuscular training warm-up program for reducing all-complaint ankle and knee injuries in youth basketball players.

What did we find?

The SHRed Injuries Basketball program was associated with a 36% lower rate of ankle and knee injuries.

Publication


The Burden & Risk Factors of Patellar and Achilles Tendinopathy in Youth Basketball: A Cohort Study

Owoeye OBA, Palacios-Derflingher L, Pasanen K, HubkaRao T, Wiley P, Emery CA

Int J Environ Res Public Health September 2021


Who participated in this study?

515 male and female youth basketball players, aged 11-18 years.

When did this study occur?

During the high school (December 2016-March 2017) and club (March 2017-June 2017) basketball seasons in Calgary, Alberta.

Why did we do this research?

To evaluate the burden and risk factors of patellar and Achilles tendinopathy among youth basketball players.

What did we find?

The burden and risk of patellar tendinopathy is high among competitive youth basketball players, with risk factors including sex and previous anterior knee pain.

Publication


Prevalence and pain distribution of anterior knee pain in college basketball players

Hannington M, Tait T, Docking S, Cook J, Owoeye O, Bonello C, Emery C, Pasanen K, Edwards S, Rio E

J Athl Train July 2021


Who participated in this study?

242 basketball players in the Canadian Inter-University Sport League and the Alberta Colleges Athletic Conference.

When did this study occur?

Data was collected at the start of the 2018-2019 competitive season.

Why did we do this research?

To describe the prevalence and pain distribution of anterior knee pain in college basketball.

What did we find?

146 of the 242 players reported pain with the single leg decline squat test and 101 players reported knee pain using the OSTRC-Knee. Diffuse pain was more prevalent that focal pain.

Publication


Magnitude, Frequency, and Accumulation: Workload Among Injured & Uninjured Youth Basketball Players

Benson LC, Owoeye OBA, Räisänen AM, Stilling C, Edwards WB, Emery CA

Front Sports Act Living. April 2021


Who participated in this study?

49 high school basketball players from four teams in Calgary, Alberta.

When did this study occur?

The basketball season between December 2017 and March 2018.

Why did we do this research?

To use principal components analysis to identify distinct modes of variation in all workload metrics. To examine differences among the modes of variation in workload metrics between participants before injury and the uninjured participants.

What did we find?

Publication


Warm-Ups and Coaches' Perceptions: Searching for Clues to Improve Injury Prevention

Räisänen AM, Owoeye OBA, Befus K, van den Berg C, Pasanen K, Emery CA

Front Sports Act Living. February 2021


Who participated in this study?

50 youth basketball coaches

When did this study occur?

Fall of 2017 or 2018

Why did we do this research?

To describe warm-ups in youth basketball and coaches' injury prevention-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and information sources.

What did we find?

Youth basketball coaches include some components of effective neuromuscular training warm-up programs in their warm-ups. There is a need to increase awareness on the importance of including balance and strength components in the warm-up.

Publication


Epidemiology of all-complaint injuries in youth basketball

Owoeye OBA, Ghali B, Befus K, Stilling C, Hogg A, Choi J, Palacios-Derflingher L, Pasanen K, Emery CA

Scand J Med Sci Sports. December 2020


Who participated in this study?

518 youth basketball players, aged 11-18 years, from 63 teams.

When did this study occur?

2016-2017 basketball season.

Why did we do this research?

To evaluate the incidence and characteristics of all-complaint injuries in youth basketball players.

What did we find?

Overuse injuries were about 2x more common in the knee. Acute injuries were about 3x more common in the ankle. Injury rates in competitive youth basketball players are much higher than previously reported.

Publication


How much, how often, how well? Adherence to a NMT warm-up injury prevention program

Owoeye OBA, Emery CA, Befus K, Palacios-Derflingher L, Pasanen K

J Sports Sci. October 2020


Who participated in this study?

33 high school male & female basketball teams.

When did this study occur?

The 2017-2018 high school basketball season.

Why did we do this research?

To evaluate the dimensions of adherence to a basketball-specific neuromuscular training warm-up program.

What did we find?

Coach adherence to the neuromuscular training warm-up program was reasonably high. A proportion of coaches did not attain optimal adherence levels (52%-71% across measures of adherence). Player exercise fidelity was low.

Publication


Validation of a commercially available inertial measurement unit for recording jump load

Benson LC, Tait TJ, Befus K, Choi J, Hillson C, Stilling C, Grewal S, MacDonald K, Pasanen K, Emery CA

J Sports Sci. April 2020


Who participated in this study?

46 youth basketball players.

When did this study occur?

During the Calgary basketball season

Why did we do this research?

To validate a commercially available jump counter. To identify the characteristics of jumps recorded.

What did we find?

The jump counter had excellent reliability with total number of jumps, jumps over 15 cm, jumps with two feet and vertical only jumps. The jump counter had moderate reliability with jumps with one foot and jumps with horizontal displacement. The jump counter has poor reliability with jumps less than 15 cm.

Publication


Internal and External Workload in Youth Basketball Players Who Are Symptomatic and Asymptomatic

Ghali BM, Owoeye O, Stilling C, Palacios-Derflingher L, Jordan M, Pasanen K, Emery CA

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther September 2019


Who participated in this study?

152 youth basketball players, aged 13-18 years

When did this study occur?

During the 2016-2017 high school and club basketball seasons

Why did we do this research?

To examine the differences in youth basketball players (with and without patellar tendinopathy) workload.

What did we find?

When compared to those with asymptomatic patellar tendinopathy, youth basketball players experiencing symptoms did not have significant differences in measure of internal and external load

Publication


Diagnostic Accuracy of a Self-Report Measure of Patellar Tendinopathy in Youth Basketball Players

Owoeye OBA, Wiley JP, Walker REA, Palacios-Derflingher L, Emery CA

J Orthop Sports Ther October 2018


Who participated in this study?

169 youth basketball players, aged 13-18 years, in Calgary, Alberta.

When did this study occur?

During the 2016/2017 high school and club basketball season.

Why did we do this research?

To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a self-report measure of patellar tendinopathy (the OSTRC-P Questionnaire).

What did we find?

The OSTRC-P Questionnaire was found to be an acceptable alternative to clinical evaluation for self reporting patellar tendinopathy and grading its severity involving youth basketball players.

Publication


Prevention of Ankle Sprain Injuries in Youth Soccer and Basketball

Owoeye OBA, Palacios-Derflingher L, Emery CA

Clin J Sport Med July 2018


Who participated in this study?

2265 male and female youth (11-18 year old) soccer and basketball players

When did this study occur?

2005-2011

Why did we do this research?

To examine the effectiveness of a neuromuscular training (NMT) warm-up program in reducing the risk of ankle sprain injury in youth soccer and basketball.

What did we find?

Exposure to an NMT program is significantly protective for ASI in youth soccer and basketball. Risk of ASI in youth basketball is greater than soccer, and players with a history of ASI are at greater risk

Publication


A prevention strategy to reduce the incidence of injury in high school baskeball

Emery CA, Rose MS, McAllister JR, Meeuwisse WH

Clin J Sport Med January 2017


Who participated in this study?

Basketball players, aged 12-18 years, from Calgary, Alberta schools.

When did this study occur?

During the 2004-2005 basketball season.

Why did we do this research?

To compare injury rates between a control group and a training group (balance program).

What did we find?

The balance training program was effective in reducing acute-onset injuries. The compliance for the program was poor (60.3%).

Publication


Rates and risks of injury during intercollegiate basketball

Meeuwisse WH, Sellmer R, Hagel BE

Am J Sports Med May/June 2003


Who participated in this study?

Varsity basketball players from the Canada West Division in the CIAU.

When did this study occur?

Two seasons long. The years are not published.

Why did we do this research?

To determine injury rates and risks in varsity basketball.

What did we find?

The overall injury rate was 4.94 injuries per 1000 athlete exposures. Injuries occurred more often in games than practices. The most common injury was ankle sprains and concussions, while the most severe injuries involved the knee. Centres had the highest injury rate.