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Graduate Studies Calendar 2012-2013 Courses of Instruction Course Descriptions G Geology GLGY
Geology GLGY

Instruction offered by members of the Department of Geoscience in the Faculty of Science.

Department Head - D. W. Eaton

Geology 503       Aqueous Geochemistry
Theoretical and applied aspects of aqueous solution chemistry. Topics include: methods for collection and preservation of water samples in the field, laboratory analysis of waters, controls on aqueous geochemistry including mineral dissolution, ion exchange, sorption and redox processes, theory and application of geochemical models.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 323.
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Geology 505       Contaminant Hydrogeology
Chemical and biological processes in surface water and groundwater systems. Topics include: water quality, contaminant transport and dispersal, fluid-sediment interactions, remediation of contamination. Techniques will include the use of thermochemical models, numerical modelling of contaminant migration, and examination of case studies.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 401 or 601 and 503.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 505 and Geology 609 will not be allowed.
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Geology 523       Advanced Mineralogy
Crystal chemistry of important mineral groups. Relations between structure, property, and composition. Common structure types and their use in understanding complex minerals. Elements of symmetry, space groups, X-ray diffraction techniques, and introduction to crystal structure determination and refinement using experimental data sets and extensive use of computers. Emphasis is on the interpretation and application of results to solving problems in Earth Sciences.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 423.
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Geology 527       Ore Deposits
Processes of formation of metallic ore and diamond ore deposits. Classification of ores based on petrologic association. Introduction to ore microscopy.
Course Hours:
H(3-1T-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 443.
Notes:
Normally offered in even-odd dated academic years. However, this course may be offered in any year in which sufficient interest is indicated to the Department prior to November 1 of the preceding academic year.  A weekend field trip will be run in September.
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Geology 531       Advanced Igneous Petrology
Mineralogical and chemical classifications of igneous rocks. Physics and chemistry of igneous rock formation. Laboratory includes hand specimen and microscopic petrology.
Course Hours:
H(3-1T-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 323, 341, and 443.
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Geology 533       Metamorphism and Lithosphere Evolution
Application of metamorphic petrology to pure and applied problems in Earth science, especially lithosphere evolution. Integration of metamorphic petrology with structure, geochronology and tectonics. Interpretation of mineral assemblages; pressures and temperatures of formation of metamorphic rocks; rates and controls of metamorphic processes. Laboratory will consist of petrographic studies of rock suites, instrumental analysis (electron probe, XRD), and elementary use of phase equilibrium software packages.
Course Hours:
H(3-1T-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 323 and 443.
Notes:
Normally offered in odd-even dated academic years. However, this course may be offered in any year in which sufficient interest is indicated to the Department prior to November 1 of the preceding academic year.
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Geology 537       Field Methods III
Field study of geological problems using advanced methods. Field exercises will normally be conducted away from Calgary for about 10-12 days preceding the Fall Term or following the Winter Term.
Course Hours:
H(160 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 435, 443, and 461. A minimum grade of "B" is required in Geology 435.
Notes:
This course occurs in rugged field conditions and varying weather, for which participants must be prepared and equipped. It may occur outside Canada. Students will be required to cover food and accommodation costs, and to pay a surcharge to cover the costs of equipment and other resources.
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Geology 541       Advanced Structural Geology

Structural features of complexly folded strata; simple statistical analysis of data; structural analysis in plutonic and metamorphic rocks; applications to exploration and exploitation.


Course Hours:
H(3-1T-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 341 and completion of at least 15 full-course equivalents.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 541 and 641 will not be allowed.
Notes:
There is a weekend field excursion during the term.
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Geology 543       Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Advanced study of igneous and metamorphic petrology, and application to problems in earth science. Includes use of microscopy and geochemistry, as well as possible application of instrumental methods.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 443.
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Geology 550       Advanced Geology Field Camp
Application of advanced field methods to complex geologic regions in or outside of Canada. Location and duration will vary from year-to-year.

Course Hours:
F(320 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 311, 337, 341, 381, 435 and consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 201 and 209 will not be allowed.
Notes:
This course occurs in rugged field conditions. Variable weather is to be expected. Participants must be prepared and properly equipped. Students will be required to cover all field-related expenses. This course may be associated with an additional 0.5 FCE, such as Science 507, to be counted as an elective. This is dependent upon the instructor, location, and course content.
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Geology 555       Global Tectonics
Global aspects of plate tectonics and regional geology through time. Application of fundamental stratigraphic and structural principles. Contributions of geophysics, geochemistry, experimental and theoretical petrology to the modern plate tectonic model. Analysis and interpretation of major structural provinces as they relate to plate boundary interactions.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 443 or Geophysics 457.
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Geology 561       Sequence Stratigraphy
Integrated approach to the study of stratigraphic sequences and their bounding surfaces, linked to facies analysis of clastic and carbonate successions. Principles of sequence stratigraphy and applications to petroleum reservoirs.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 435 or 441, and 461.
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Geology 563       Geological History of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin
Stratigraphic assembly, tectonic evolution and resources of the WCSB within the Precambrian crystalline basement to the Jurassic-Paleogene Foreland Basin succession in the subsurface and exposures in the Rocky Mountains.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 443 and 461; or  Geophysics 457.
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Geology 571       Engineering Geology
Application of geology to engineering problems with emphasis on the geologic aspects of site and environmental investigations. Characterization of rock masses and surficial deposits and examination of their behaviour; special mapping methods, air photo interpretation and the application of some geophysical techniques.
Course Hours:
H(3-1T-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 341 and Geophysics 355.
Notes:
Completion of Geology 401 is highly recommended prior to taking this course. Students who have not completed Geology 401 are advised to attend the tutorial session of Geology 571, offered during January block week.
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Geology 583       Advanced Carbonate Sedimentology
Sedimentological, biological, climatic and economic significance of modern and ancient carbonate rocks. Warm- and cool-water carbonate factories. Lacustrine, peritidal, neritic, reef, slope, seep and pelagic environments. Ocean chemistry of carbonate systems. Diagenesis and the origin of dolomite. Carbonate petroleum plays.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 461 and 491.
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Geology 585       Biostratigraphy
Principles of applied biostratigraphy for siliceous and calcareous microfossils and conodonts with emphasis on their use in basin analysis, sequence stratigraphy, and economic resource exploration.
Course Hours:
Q(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 491.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 585 and 685 will not be allowed.
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Geology 589       Selected Topics in Petroleum Geology I

589.01. Aqueous Fluids

589.02. Petroleum Fluids

589.06. Professional Practice for Geoscientists

589.07. Analytical Techniques for Petroleum Geochemistry

589.08. Petroleum Generation and Migration


Course Hours:
E(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 449 or Geophysics 449, and Geology 461 or Geophysics 457.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 589 and 689 will not be allowed.
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Geology 591       Reservoir Characterization and Resource Evaluation
Geological reservoir characterization: pore types, permeability, relative permeability, pay cut-off determination, reservoir architecture and heterogeneity, fluid contacts, reservoir drive mechanisms. Hydrocarbon assessment: classification of reserves and resources, reserve estimation methods.
Course Hours:
H(3-1T-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 449 or Geophysics 449, Geology 461 and 575.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 591 and 595.03 will not be allowed.
Notes:
Completion of Geology 593.02 and 593.03 is highly recommended prior to taking this course.
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Geology 593       Selected Topics in Petroleum Geology II

593.02. Stratigraphy and Sedimentation of Clastic Rocks

593.03. Stratigraphy and Sedimentation of Carbonate Rocks

593.05. Ichnology

593.06. Professional Practice for Geoscientists.


Course Hours:
Q(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 449 or Geophysics 449, and Geology 461 or Geophysics 457.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 593 and 693 will not be allowed.
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Geology 595       Selected Topics in Petroleum Geology III

595.01. Petroleum Geology III Core Examination

595.05. Basin Analysis


Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 449 or Geophysics 449, and Geology 461 or Geophysics 457.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 595 and 694 will not be allowed.
Notes:
Students who have taken Geology 561 should take Geology 694.01, not 595.01.
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Geology 596       Selected Topics in Petroleum Geology IV
Courses are offered in specific topics related to Petroleum Geology. Topics may include subsurface mapping, play assessment, reservoir characterization, reservoir geology, reserves and resources, basin analysis, petroleum geochemistry.
Course Hours:
F(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 449 or Geophysics 449, and Geology 461 or Geophysics 457.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 596 and 696 will not be allowed.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Geology 597       Geostatistics
Statistical analysis of spatial data, multivariate data analysis, regression, variogram analysis, kriging, co-kriging and stochastic simulation.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Mathematics 253 or 283 or Applied Mathematics 219 and Mathematics 211 and completion of at least 15 full-course equivalents or consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 597 and 697 will not be allowed.
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Geology 599       Contemporary Topics in Geology
Courses are offered in contemporary topics in areas such as geochemistry, hydrogeology, mineralogy, paleontology, petroleum geology, petrology, quantitative geology, sedimentology, structural geology, and surficial geology.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Graduate Courses

Graduate students are urged to read the Geoscience Department section in the Graduate Studies calendar. Only where appropriate to a student's program may graduate credit be received for courses numbered 500-599. Courses numbered 600 are available to fourth-year students who obtain Departmental approval and who have credit for the prerequisite courses.

Geology 601       Advanced Physical Hydrogeology
An advanced treatment of topics covered in Geology 401.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 601 and 401 will not be allowed.
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Geology 603       Advanced Aqueous Geochemistry
Advanced discussion of theoretical and applied aspects of aqueous geochemistry of natural waters. Topics include: methods for collection and preservation of water samples in the field, laboratory analysis of waters, theory and application of aqueous geochemical models to complex formation, solubility, stability of low temperature mineral assemblages, oxidation and reduction processes in natural environments and reaction path modelling. Applications of stable isotopes to low temperature geochemical processes may also be covered.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 503 or Geophysics 457.
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Geology 605       Groundwater Flow and Transport Modeling
Review of the partial differential equations and boundary conditions that describe groundwater flow and transport. Introduction to numerical methods. The course emphasizes the practical aspects of building groundwater and transport models using computer exercises and a groundwater modeling project.
Course Hours:
H(3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 401 or 601 or consent of the Department.
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Geology 607       Advanced Physical Hydrology
Coverage of more advanced topics in the physical hydrology of surface and subsurface waters including land-atmosphere exchange, vadose zone processes, and watershed hydrology.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Mathematics 253 or 283 or Applied Mathematics 219 and Geography 415 and Geology 401; or consent of the Department.
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Geology 609       Advanced Contaminant Hydrogeology
An advanced treatment of topics covered in Geology 505.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 609 and Geology 505 will not be allowed.
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Geology 611       Groundwater Resource Management
Advanced topics related to groundwater resource development and management, including exploration methods, aquifer test analysis, aquifer-aquitard systems, groundwater recharge, and the role of models. Fundamental issues related to regional integrated management of water resources.
Course Hours:
H(3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
Mathematics 253 or 283 or Applied Mathematics 219 and Geology 401 or Geography 415.
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Geology 613       Flow in Porous Media
Fundamentals of fluid flow in porous media: pore structure; capillarity; single phase flow; immiscible and miscible fluid flow; pore level modelling of porous media. Concepts applied to hydrocarbon reservoirs and fluid migration in soils including: characterization of pore space, single phase flow in porous media, capillarity, wettability, routine and advance core analysis, miscibility in porous media. Similarities and differences between hydrocarbon reservoirs and soils. Introduction to enhanced oil and gas processes.
Course Hours:
H(3-1T-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Chemical Engineering 331 or Geology 401.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 613 and either 699.20 or Petroleum Engineering 513 will not be allowed.
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Geology 623       Modern Diffraction and Scattering Techniques
Space groups and principles of X-ray, neutron, and electron diffraction and their applications. Crystal structure determination and refinement using single crystal and Rietveld methods. X-ray and neutron scattering techniques (using the Pair Distribution Function, PDF) to examine local disorder in nano-materials and glasses.  Phase transition and structural evolution with pressure, temperature, and composition.  Analyses of experimental data sets and extensive use of computers.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 523 or equivalent.
Notes:
Offered every alternate Fall Term
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Geology 627       Advanced Topics in Ore Deposits
A detailed study of ore occurrences with special emphasis on Canadian deposits. Laboratory: the study of comprehensive suites from deposits.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 527.
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Geology 633       Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Theoretical and applied problems in petrology, including some or all of: numerical techniques in petrology, phase equilibria, geothermometry and geobarometry, kinetics in petrology, physics and chemistry of magmatic processes. Laboratory will consist of petrographic study of rock suites.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 443 or equivalent or consent of the Department.
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Geology 639       Field Laboratory in Groundwater Hydrogeology

Entails a week at a hydrogeology field site in Alberta or British Columbia. Hydrogeology and geotechnical techniques will be demonstrated and will involve hands-on participation by students. After the field work, students will conduct extensive analysis and interpretation of data gathered during the field session, complete exercises and prepare a written report. Relative to Geology 441, Geology 639 requires more sophisticated analyses of data and additional exercises. Geology 639 normally runs for two to three weeks following Winter Term Final Examinations or prior to the Fall Term.


Course Hours:
H(160 hours)
Prerequisite(s):
Geology 401 or 601 and consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 639 and 441 will not be allowed.
Notes:
This course has limited enrolment.
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Geology 641       Advanced Structural Methods

Analysis of mesoscopic and megascopic structural data; the construction and analytical use of cross-sections, subsurface maps and 3-dimensional models; structural analysis of the Canadian Cordillera.


Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 641 and 541 will not be allowed.
Notes:
There is a weekend field excursion during the term.
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Geology 649       Advanced Petrophysical Techniques
Application of petrophysical well logs and their relation to cores, cuttings, fluids and seismograms. Case studies applied to petroleum exploration and exploitation.
Course Hours:
H(3-2)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Geology 649 and any of 649, Geophysics 449, or 649 will not be allowed.
Also known as:
(Geophysics 649)
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Geology 655       Unconventional Gas Reservoir Characterization and Evaluation
Overview of the unique storage and production mechanisms associated with coalbed methane, tight gas and shale gas reservoirs; adsorbed gas storage and modeling; gas-in-place determination and volumetric reserves estimation; material balance techniques; fracture and matrix flow mechanisms; completion/stimulation methods; reservoir characterization methods including core analysis, rate-transient and pressure-transient analysis; exploration and development concepts.
Course Hours:
H(3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Petroleum Engineering 523 or consent of the instructor.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 655 and Geology 699.37 will not be allowed.
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Geology 663       Applications of Stable Isotopes
Application of stable isotope techniques with special focus on Hydrogeology, Geology and Environmental Sciences. The use of isotopes to understand the water, carbon, nitrogen and sulphur cycles is demonstrated. Topics include hydrology, paleoclimates, geothermometry, fossil fuels exploration and recovery, pollutant tracing, food webs, forensic investigations, among others.
Course Hours:
H(2-1)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Also known as:
(Physics 663)
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Geology 675       Advanced Topics in Dinosaur Paleontology
Topics related to the paleobiology, paleoecology, and paleoenvironments of the Dinosauria will be covered.
Course Hours:
H(3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of instructor or enrolment in a paleontology-based graduate program.
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Geology 677       Advanced Topics in Oil and Gas Production
Advanced study of the problems related to production of conventional oil, heavy oil, and natural gas; analysis of interactions of oil, water and gas; the effects of fluid properties, rock structure and capillary, gravity and viscous forces acting on the reservoir system; application to the design of improved oil and gas recovery methods. New processes in oil and gas recovery.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Petroleum Engineering 513 or Geology 613 or consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 677 and either Chemical Engineering 619.26 or 677 will not be allowed.
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Geology 679       Petroleum and Environmental Organic Geochemistry
Origin of petroleum; sedimentation of organic matter and the carbon cycle; diagenesis of organic matter; hydrocarbon generation and migration; kinetic models; creosote contamination; methods; interpretation of geochemical data; applications of geochemical data to geological and environmental problems.
Course Hours:
H(3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Geology 685       Advanced Biostratigraphy
Advanced studies of the principles of applied biostratigraphy for siliceous and calcareous microfossils and conodonts with emphasis on their use in basin analysis, sequence stratigraphy, and economic resource exploration.
Course Hours:
Q(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 685 and 585 will not be allowed.
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Geology 689       Advanced Petroleum Geology I

689.01. Aqueous Fluids

689.02. Petroleum Fluids

689.06. Professional Practice for Geoscientists

689.07. Analytical Techniques for Petroleum Geochemistry

689.08. Petroleum Generation and Migration


Course Hours:
E(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 689 and 589 will not be allowed.
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Geology 693       Advanced Petroleum Geology II

693.05. Ichnology

693.06 Professional Practice for Geoscientists


Course Hours:
Q(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 693 and 593 will not be allowed.
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Geology 694       Advanced Petroleum Geology III

694.01. Advanced Petroleum Geology III Core Examination

694.03. Reservoir Evaluation and Hydrocarbon Play Assessment

694.05. Basin Analysis


Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 694 and 595 will not be allowed.
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Geology 696       Advanced Petroleum Geology IV
Courses are offered in specific topics related to Petroleum Geology and the application of techniques to case studies of petroleum systems.
Course Hours:
F(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 696 and 596 will not be allowed.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Geology 697       Advanced Geostatistics

Advanced treatment of the topics covered in Geology 597 with special emphasis on reservoir characterization.


Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Mathematics 253 or 283 or Applied Mathematics 219 and Mathematics 211; or consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for both Geology 697 and 597 will not be allowed.
Notes:
Completion of Mathematics 331 and/or Statistics 357 or 327 is recommended prior to taking this course.
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Geology 698       Reservoir Characterization for Field Development
A team-based, integrated reservoir description experience working with geophysical, geological, petrophysical, and engineering data to produce a field development plan.
Course Hours:
F(3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Chemical Engineering 621 and Geology 697 and Human Resources and Organizational Dynamics 789 or equivalent.
Notes:
This course is intended for graduate students in the Master of Engineering with Reservoir Characterization Specialization.
Also known as:
(Chemical Engineering 698)
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Geology 699       Selected Topics in Geology
Courses are offered in specific topics in areas such as geochemistry, hydrogeology, mineralogy, paleontology, petroleum geology, petrology, quantitative geology, sedimentology, structural geology, and surficial geology.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Geology 701       Advanced Independent Study
A written report based on laboratory and field studies is required.
Course Hours:
H(0-6)
Notes:
Open only to graduate students in the Department of Geoscience.
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Geology 703       Readings in Geology
A written report based on a literature review is required.
Course Hours:
H(0-6)
Notes:
Open only to graduate students in the Department of Geoscience.
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Geology 707       Geology and Geophysics of Western Canada
Topics include stratigraphy, sedimentology, structure, petrology, geophysics and economic geology. Laboratories contain a field component.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
Notes:
Open only to graduate students in the Department of Geoscience and compulsory for beginning doctoral students in Geology.
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Geology 709       Seminars on Applied Basin Studies
A seminar-based course that will cover topics that consider the development, evolution, stratigraphic and sedimentologic architecture, and stratigraphic correlation of sedimentary basins. Topics could include biostratigraphy, tectonics and sedimentation, subsurface correlation including sequence stratigraphy,  siliciclastic and carbonate sedimentology, geochronology and petroleum geology. Concepts will be developed from discussions, assigned reading, seminars and field trips to local geological sites.
Course Hours:
H(3S-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Graduate student registration in the Department of Geoscience, or consent of the Department.    
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Geology 711       Seminars on Applied Basin Field Studies
A seminar-based course that will consider the entire geologic history of a particular basin or sub-basin as well as key sections or geological sites that will be visited at the end of the semester. Topics will range across the full discipline of sedimentary geology with emphasis on applications to Petroleum Geology.
Course Hours:
H(3S-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Graduate student registration in the Department of Geoscience, or consent of the Department.    
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Geology 729       Sedimentary Geochemistry
Application of chemical and isotopic data and techniques to the mineral assemblages observed to form during diagenesis. Water-rock interactions are examined using the thermodynamics of solution-mineral-gas equilibria. Topics may include kinetics, reaction path modelling, fluid flow in sedimentary basins and the relationships between fluid flow and diagenetic events.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
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Geology 733       Analytical Methods in Petrology
Topics may include scanning electron microscope, electron probe, x-ray diffraction and x-ray fluorescence.
Course Hours:
H(3-3)
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