To: PIE Home Page
Professor Emeritus of Social Work, University of Calgary
African Resources Index by Countries
Person-In-Evironment Home Page
To Search PIE Site or African Resources!

African Sexual Minorities & Gender Variant Resources

 Homosexuality - Gay - Lesbian - Bisexual - Transgender - Transsexual - Same-Sex Sex
University of Calgary Home Page
Angola & Zambia
To: Map of Africa
Faculty of Social Work Home Page
To "The SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

To:  More Than 200 Africa-Related Full Text Papers & Reports

To: General Sexual Minorities & Gender Variant Resources For Africa

ANGOLA - Angola : la communauté gay, invisible et vulnérable (2008, Translation, Alternate Link, Translation): Society is not yet ready to accept gays. Living his homosexuality remains perilous in Angola, as in most African countries. Because society rejects them, homosexuals choose marriage as a cover but continue to have sex with other men. Sometimes unprotected.. - Angola: Invisible and vulnerable (2008): Social psychologist Carlinhos Zassala explained that many Angolan gays use marriage as a way of avoiding stigma, but once married, continue to have occasional sex with other men. In many cases, the casual sex does not involve the use of condoms. In Angola, a commonly-held assumption that only men with feminine mannerisms are homosexual means that many who have sex with other men do not self-identify as gay, pointed out Roberto Campos, an official with UNAIDS. "If the person fails to recognise himself as such, the message of safe sex doesn’t reach him. The fact is that unprotected anal sex presents a high virus transmission risk.”... Because they are an invisible population, gays are ignored in government AIDS policies, such as the 2007-2010 National Strategic Plan for the Control of Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV and AIDS. - Angola : La société n'est pas encore prête à l'homosexualité  (2008, Translation): Luanda - Vivre son homosexualité reste périlleux en Angola, comme dans la plupart des pays africains. Parce que la société les rejette, des homosexuels choisissent le mariage comme couverture mais continuent à avoir des relations avec d’autres hommes. Parfois sans protection...

Herança colonial pesada para gays (2010, Translation): [In the same week that there were three marriages between same sex in Portugal, four more were killed in Brazil gay, gays are still not included in health plans to combat HIV in Mozambique and Angola in recent constitutional amendment deletes the right of non-discrimination according to sexual orientation...  Por Angola o cenário é bem pior. In Angola the scenario is much worse. "O Código Penal é do tempo da monarquia portuguesa e considera a homossexualidade um crime. Mas há tolerância, daí não existir acusação", relata José Patrocínio, da Omunga, organização humanitária não governamental. "The Criminal Code is the time of the Portuguese monarchy and considers homosexuality a crime. But there is tolerance, hence there is no charge," says José Sponsorship of Omunga, non-governmental humanitarian organization. À falta de colectivos LGBT, é de Patrocínio a visão da homossexualidade angolana: "Estão inseguros [gays] e quando são agredidos não recorrem à polícia com receio de ser gozados". In the absence of collective LGBT Sponsorship is the view of homosexuality Angolan: "They are unsafe [gay] and beaten when they do not resort to the police for fear of being enjoyed."

Migrating from Africa due to Sexuality, Partnership and Poverty (2006): Damiyano talks about his views of his life and how he’s very much prepared to leave his country, to africanveil. I’m 25 years and gay not that I don’t like my country no, I’m about to leave my country for couple of reasons and looking at poverty and sexuality for me these are the main issues... a lot of people are suffering in Luanda and that includes me and other gay people here. Being gay here is even worse so as looking at the whole Africa excluding south Africa... I have a partner from the west and we have been together for 2 years, and within these 2 years I have travelled to the west a couple times and now we are getting married which now allows me to live there, but my main point here is there are a lot of reasons why as gay young Africans will go to extremes just to migrate all because of Poverty, Sexuality and Partnership... - Homossexualidade em Angola (2010, Translation).

Angola: AIDS stigma pervasive: "For many Angolans, AIDS is a problem of others, of marginalised groups, of sex workers, of soldiers and truck drivers, of Congolese traders, of Zimbabwean UN peacekeepers, of gay European aid workers, of anyone but themselves..." - Angola: HIV/AIDS training for journalists: "Topics included confronting journalists' own fears and prejudice about the disease; gender awareness of how men and women are vulnerable in different ways; lifting the silence on male homosexuality; identifying the main problems in HIV/AIDS coverage and finding solutions..."

Kurt Falk, a German anthropologist wrote about the same sex life among "some Negro tribes of Angola", in 1923.

Resources: - Behind the Mask - A Web Site on Gay and Lesbian Affairs in Africa. - Africa by Country: Angola. Angola Archive. - African Veil: Countries Covered: Angola. - Queer afrol. - Afrol News; Gay/Lesbian Archives. - news & Articles: Africa

Global Gayz: Africa: Angola News Reports from 2008 to the Present. - ILGA: Africa: Angola. - LGBT rights in Angola. - Sodomy Laws. - Human Rights Watch: Use Search Function. - Amnesty International: Use Search Function. - Pink News: Europe's Largest Gay News Service: Africa. - AsylumLaw.Org: Sexual Minorities & HIV Status: Documents / Reports / Website Links / Organizations. Angola Individual Documents[both S/O and HIV]. - Links to News Sources for GLBT World.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country:  - Sub-Saharan Africa: - Angola.

ZAMBIA: - `No vote for pro-gay politicians (2011): The church says it will campaign against political leaders advocating gay rights and has embarked on sensitising and educating members of the public on dangers of voting for such candidates. The stance follows Patriotic Front (PF) president Michael Sata’s statement that homosexuals have rights in Zambia. - Should gay men be openly accepted in Zambia? (2010, Includes Video): This is a sensitive issue that many do not even like the sound of and later on even read about or watch (watch video below of openly Zambian gay guy) anything associated with gay men. However if you are going to war, it is often said you need to put your best soldiers forward which could also translate as a metaphor for addressing all Zambian under-laying issues if Zambia is ever going to move forward and develop in any way. - Zambia's New Constitution Forbids Same Sex Marriages (2010). - Zambia moves against criminalization of homosexuality (2010): Former president of Botswana Festus Mogae has urged President Rupiah Banda’s government not to criminalise homosexuality and sex work because that would make the fight against HIV/AIDS difficult.And President Rupiah Banda said he understood the need not to criminalise homosexuals..

Church slams Sata’s gay rights stance (2011): The Church has strongly condemned the stance taken by Patriotic Front (PF) leader Michael Sata regarding gay and lesbian rights, saying such acts should not be entertained in a Christian nation like Zambia. Correspondent Cleopatra spoke to Kitizo, a 22 years old gay man from Lusaka. - 'Advocating gay rights and lesbianism is an abomination' (2011): Mr Kafumbo said advocating gay rights and lesbianism in Zambia is an abomination. He called on church mother bodies, especially the Zambia Episcopal Conference to exert pressure on Mr Sata to step down.. - Zambia's Vice-President Using Homosexuality as Wedge Issue in 2011 Elections (2011).- More condemn Sata in gay rights (2011, Alternate Link). - Life in gay Lusaka (2008).

Being openly gay Zambia (2009, Video, Alternate Link): Eventhough it's forbidden by law in the christian nation of Zambia, there are gays who are more or less open about their homosexuality. - Priest wants homosexuality legalised (2009): A Jesuit priest and former university of Zambia lecturer has called upon the Zambian government to make homosexuality legal. - Zambia under fire for anti-gay sentiment (2010): As a gay couple in Malawi began serving a 14-year jail term for conducting an open relationship, another southern African country came under fire over its treatment of gays. New York-based rights watchdog Human Rights Watch warned that recent homophobic statements by religious leaders and government authorities in Zambia, Malawi's neighbour to the west, was undermining that country's fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. - Zambian VP Kunda: Report Homosexuals to the Police (2009): In parliament this week, Zambian VP George Kunda told officials  that the government knew of people who had married to hide their homosexuality, and instructed people to report those people to the police, according to a Zambian news outlet..

The love that whispers (2009): Homosexuality is still illegal in Zambia, and it's possible to be prosecuted and jailed for sodomy. So although it would be a bit too extreme to say that it's underground or hidden, it does take a little luck or effort to find. I recently had the good fortune to meet a couple who agreed to give me some insights into gay Lusaka. Joshua Banda (35) and his partner Greg Mbewe (28)* have been together for eight years, having met in 2000 through mutual friends. Judging by what they say, they are at the hub of a vibrant and lively gay community in Lusaka. Their stories and experiences make it clear how ridiculous it is to claim, as some still do, that homosexuality is "un-African". Both Banda and Mbewe realised at a fairly young age that they were different from other boys and, beginning in their teens, each slowly began to find others like themselves. Around 1998 Banda saw an advertisement in a newspaper for a new organisation called Lesbians, Gays and Transgenders, or Legatra. He contacted it and became a member. Through a friend he made at Legatra he met Mbewe. "It was love at first sight," Banda says...

Zambian gays gather to look into the future of their sexuality (2006, PDF Download). - Hope for Zambian MSM (2007): For the first time in Zambia, men having sex with other men (MSM) will have a government endorsed assessment aimed at identifying their existence and sexual behaviours in relation to HIV and Aids. This is done to draw the government’s attention to health issues faced by MSM in that country. Spearheaded by US-based Centre for Disease Control (CDC) together with the Zambian Ministry of Health and the Society for Family Health International, the assessment “is exciting and will give some sort of identity for MSM in Zambia” according to Riva Ukwimi, who is the project coordinator of Friends of Rainka (FORP) at the Society for Family Health...

Zambian lesbian speaks out (2006):  Cindy aged 28 speaks out about her sexuality after being called a tomboy for years. Living in one of Zambia’s cities located in the heart of copper-belts in Ndola. Cindy talks about what she’s been through and how she’s trying by all means to leave the city because her community can not accept that sort of sickness... From that time I have had threat within the community and I have since moved to Lusaka where I’m not very much free, easier to make friends who are like. I wish there more news and activities involving lesbian in some organisations that way there would be more us coming out to contribute or participate. I’m very please to discover that there is a website that’s dedicated to Zambian LGBT “Africanveil”. I’m also please to be amongst the contributors of Africanveil, this will help in having to open the site to all Zambian lesbian that feel left out, I’m please to have had a chance to speak to ndanji regarding our contribution as women.

Zambian activists have vowed to fight for their rights, despite official pronouncements that organizing would be a felony N/A (1998, Alternate Link). - Homosexuality situation in Zambia. (2000, Alternate Link) - Homosexuality in Zambia (1998). -  Zambian Homosexuals Elect Leaders (1998). - Fear of arrest: Harassment of activists (1998). - Zambian Gays Hold Meeting In Defiance Of Ban (1998). - Police in Lusaka have begun a clamp-down on the gay movement and their supporters N/A (Must Scroll). - Africa's gays seek swift end to legal bans (Must Scroll) N/A. - Zambia Angered by Norwegian Support of Gays (1999). - Homosexuals prowl Zambian Streets (1998).

Gay Group Struggles for Life in Zambia N/A. (Related Information N/A: Government treatment of homosexuals in Zambia, and its attitudes towards gay organisations; protection or support available from human rights groups)  - Conflict over Gay organizing spreading north to Zambia N/A. - No Legal Organizing in Zambia (1998). - Zambia's Registrar of Societies continues to refuse to register the gay organization Legatra (Lesbian, Gay and Transgender Association), according to the Gay and Lesbian Times (2001). - Legatra's foundation was not a wise step (2001). - Zambia gets 'tough on corruption and gays' (2003). - Makaveli: The Story Of An African Gay Bar N/A.

African Gays Encouraged by South African Decision N/A: "The London Times reports gay men and women across the African continent have been heartened by the South African Supreme Court's recent repeal of the country's sodomy laws and are hoping that the tolerance evidenced by the decision will spill into the minds of other African leaders. This week Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia's former President, called on Zambians to "cool down" after months of often vicious debate and controversy surrounding efforts by the Lesbians, Gays, Bisexual and Transgender Persons Association (Legatra) to gain official status as a non governmental organization. The Zambian government has repeatedly warned anyone agitating for gay civil rights risks arrest and imprisonment."  - Zulu defends homosexual.

'My name is Pelekani Luwenji, I am a homosexual': "Please don't insult me for this letter. It wasn't just Mercy who made me become homosexual, it was an arrogancy of many other girls and the hatred of certain people. I still have dreams of getting back to girls. I can even consider becoming a bi-sexual. I will take my chances of homosexual. At least being gay will satisfy my everyday need for enjoyment and everlasting comfort and passion. In TIME magazine a woman wrote that gays and lesbians should have fair and equal treatment. I know that many Zambians are against homosexuality. I know some can stupidly say that homosexuals are a threat to Zambian society. Can I please enlighten on some truthful and interesting insights on this whole issue? ..."

The Violations of the Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Persons in Zambia (PDF Download) (Word Download): The retention of codes that criminalize sexual relationships between same-sex consenting adults has a devastating impact on same-sex practicing people in Zambia.  Gays, lesbians, and bisexuals in Zambia live in constant fear of arbitrary detention, discrimination in education, employment, housing, and access to services, and extortion—all buttressed by the existence of sections 155 - 157 and lack of specific legal protections for LGBT under Zambian law... On 23 September 1998 in a statement to parliament, published in the Times of Zambia, Zambian Vice President Christon Tempo vowed that, "If anybody promotes gay rights after this statement, the law will take its course... When LGBT organizers appeared in the newspaper to announce their wishes to register the organization, government officials warned that any attempt to register the group or hold public meetings would be met with arrests. The then Home Affairs Minister Peter Machungwa ordered police to arrest anyone who attempted to register a group advocating for homosexual rights... Extortion of gay men remains a major problem, and is often conducted with police participation.  Gay men interviewed for this note all reported that blackmail of men believed to be gay was a regular occurrence and often led its victims to financial ruin, depression and ostracism from family and community.  A recent report on a Zambian human rights website included an report by a police officer in which he described the targeting of gay men—both Zambian and foreigners—for police-instigated extortion attempts...

African prisons' refusal to provide condoms exposes prisoners to HIV (2001): "The report claims that, "Malawi and Zambia show that at least one in eight men has sex in prison."" - Sexual practices and HIV infection in some Zambian prisons (1989). - Zambian Prisoners routinely raped by prison warders (2006). - Responding to the challenge of HIV/AIDS behind bars (2005). - HIV/AIDS in Zambia (2003). - The history of HIV and AIDS in Zambia. - Discussions of Homosexuality in Zambia: PDF Documents (2011).

Resources: - Behind the Mask - A Web Site on Gay and Lesbian Affairs in Africa. - Africa by Country: Zambia Information News. Zambia Archive. - African Veil: Countries Covered: Zambia. - Queer afrol. - Afrol News; Gay/Lesbian Archives. - news & Articles: Africa. - Amnesty International 1999 Annual Report on Zambia.

Global Gayz: Africa: Zambia News Report. - ILGA: Africa: Zambia. - LGBT rights in Zambia. - Zambia Gay Rights News (To the Present). - Human Rights Watch: Use Search Function. - Amnesty International: Use Search Function. - Pink News: Europe's Largest Gay News Service: Africa. - AsylumLaw.Org: Sexual Minorities & HIV Status: Documents / Reports / Website Links / Organizations. Zambia Individual Documents since 2000. - Links to News Sources for GLBT World.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country:  - Sub-Saharan Africa - Zambia

Accessing African Resources

To Locate
Resources About an African Country Click the Country

Map of Africa - Africa Map Algeria Sao Tome - Principe Morocco Vape Verde gambia senegal reunion mauritius benin togo ghana ivory coast liberia sierra leone guinea guinea bissau burkina faso nigeria niger mali mauritania Egypt tunisia libya chad egypt eritrea sudan central african republic cameroon djibouti ethiopia somalia seychelles kenya uganda equitorial quinea gabon congo Dem. Rep. Congo (Zaire) rwanda burundi tanzania angola zambia malawi mozambique zimbabwe botswana namibia madagascar swaziland lesotho south africa

Permission to Use Map From The Africa Guide



Searching for Free Papers & Abstracts / Reports / Presentations / Articles on the Internet

The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. many free full text articles and papers. -

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available -

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.

Search Only The African Sexual Minorities & Gender Variant Resources

Search African Resources

Search African Resources

Search The Person-In-Environment (P.I.E.) Website

Search This Site: May be
Better than Google

Search This Site With Google

This free script provided by
JavaScript Kit

To Top of Page
This is the Home Page