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Full Text Articles / Papers / Studies / Reports (and/or Abstracts):

From Social Silence to Social Science: Same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and Gender in South Africa - 2009 - edited by Vasu Reddy, Theo Sandfort & Laetitia Rispel (Amazon) (Review) (Podcast Package: Same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and Gender in South Africa) (Free Download. Download Page). Contents: Foreword. - Introduction. - - Theory, methodology, context: 1 Researching same-sex sexuality and HIV.  2 Sexuality research in South Africa: The policy context.  3 Same-sex sexuality and health: Current psychosocial scientific research in South Africa.  4 Homosexual and bisexual labels: The need for clear conceptualisations, operationalisations and appropriate methodological designs.  5 Gender, same-sex sexuality and HIV/AIDS in South Africa: Practical research challenges and solutions.  6 From social silence to social science: HIV research among township MSM in South Africa. -- History, memory, archive:  7 Gay AIDS activism in South Africa prior to 1994.  8 Sexing women: Young black lesbian women’s reflections on sex and responses to safe(r) sex in Johannesburg.  9 Creating memory: Documenting and disseminating life stories of LGBTI people living with HIV
Ruth Morgan, Busi Kheswa, John Meletse.  10. Perspectives from sub-Saharan and southern Africa 10 What we know about same-sex practicing people and HIV in Africa.  11 Same-sex sexuality and HIV/AIDS: A perspective from Malawi.  12 A bird’s eye view of HIV and gay and lesbian issues in Zimbabwe. 13 Epidemiological disjunctures: A review of same-sex sexuality and HIV research in sub-Saharan Africa. -- Needs, programming, policy and direction for future research:  14 Mobilising gay and lesbian organisations to respond to the political challenges of the South African HIV epidemic.  15 Are South African HIV policies and programmes meeting the needs of samesex practising individuals?  16 Lessons learned from current South African HIV/AIDS research among lesbian/gay/bisexual populations.  17 Observations on HIV and AIDS in Cape Town’s LGBT population.  18 Some personal and political perspectives on HIV/AIDS in Ethekwini.  19 Health for all? Women who have sex with women (WSW) health needs and issues. -- Conclusions:  20 Taking research-based prevention forward.

The Prize and the Price: Shaping sexualities in South Africa (Free Download) - 2009 - edited by Melissa Steyn, Mikki van Zyl (Amazon). - Some Sections with Homosexuality Related Issues: Foreword. - 1. The Prize And The Price. - 5. Renegotiating masculinity in the Lowveld: narratives of male-male sex in compounds, prisons and at home. - 7. Are blind people better lovers? - 8. Sexuality in later life. - 13. Heterosex among young South Africans: Research reflections. - 17. Queer marriage: Sexualising citizenship and the development of freedoms in South Africa. - 18. Beyond the Constitution: from sexual rights to belonging. - Conclusion: Shaping sexualities.  See also the Index.

The country we want to live in Hate crimes and homophobia in the lives of black lesbian South Africans (Free Download) - 2010 - by Nonhlanhla Mkhize, Jane Bennett, Vasu Reddy, Relebohile Moletsane (Full Text) (HSRC Seminar: The Country We Want to Live In - Hate Crimes and Homophobia in the Lives of Black Lesbian South Africans). Contents: Foreword. - Preface. - - Part I: Context and History:  Context and socio-political background. - Language and vocabulary. - The delimitations of this report. - -  Part II: Perspective and Profile: Roundtable Seminar on Gender-Based Violence, Black Lesbians, Hate Speech and Homophobia. - - Part III: Current and Future Prospects: Legally-focused campaigning. - Conclusions and Recommendations: a way forward?

Dubel I, Hielkema A, Eds. (2008). Urgency Required: Gay and Lesbian Rights are Human Rights. [This book is an expanded English version of Urgentie Geboden (in Dutch), ISBN 978-90-6665-967-4, that also appeared as Issue 33 / 34 (June 2008) of the Journal for Humanistics].  PDF Download. Part 3 Africa: Behind the Mask - Bart Luirink. - - Simon Tseko Nkoli - Ireen Dubel. - - Queer Jihad. A View from South Africa - Scott Kugle. - - Self-portrait - Chan Mubanga. - How to be a ‘Real’ Gay - Gert Hekma. - - Tommy Boys, Lesbian Men and Ancestral Wives. Female Same-Sex Practices in Africa - Gertrude Fester. - - Black Bull, Ancestors and Me. My Life as a Lesbian Sangoma - Boshadi.Semenya - - Self-portrait - Victor Juliet Mukasa. - - Homosexuality in Cameroon. Identity and Persecution - Peter Geschiere. - - Urgent Goals of LGBTI Liberation - David Kuria

Abu-Raddad LJ, et al. (2010). Characterizing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa. Washinton, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Agyemang S, Wallace BC, Liebman RE (2008). An Exploratory Internet Study of Black Men on the Down Low: Potential Factors Related to Non-Disclosure to Female Partners and Inconsistent Condom Use for Black Men who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW). The Journal of Equity in Health, 1(1): 79-97. PDF Download. Download Page.

Almgren T (1997). Homosexualty in non-European Cultures. Full Text.

Anderson, Ben (2007). The Politics of Homoseuxality in Africa. Africana, 1(1): 123-136. PDF Download.

Annandale, Gertruida Cornelia (2006). The experiential world of adolescent learners with homosexual parents. Master's Dissertation, Education, University of South Africa. PDF Download. Download Page.

Anyamele C, Lwabaayi R, Nguyen T-V, Binswanger H (2005). Sexual Minorities, Violence and AIDS in Africa. Africa Region Working Paper Series No 84. PDF Download.

Arndt, Marlene (2010). Attitudes towards bisexual men and women: the relationship between respondents' attitudes and their sexual orientation. PhD Dissertation, University of Johannesburg. Download Page.

Arndt M, de Bruin G (2006). Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men: Relations With Gender, Race and Religion Among University Students. PINS, 33: 16-30. PDF Download.

Arnott J, Crago A-L (2009). Rights Not rescue: A Report on Female, Male, and Trans Sex Workers’ Human Rights in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa Sexual Health and Rights Project, Open Society Institute. PDF Download.

Arreola SG, Neilands TB, Pollack LM, Paul JP, Catania JA (2005). Higher prevalence of childhood sexual abuse among Latino men who have sex with men than non-Latino men who have sex with men: data from the Urban Men's Health Study. Child Abuse and Neglect, 29(3): 285-90. PDF Download. Abstract.

Awondo SP (2006). L'homosexualité dans les représentations sociales camerounaises: esquisse d'une anthropologie à partir des Beti. PDF Download. Download Page. Translation.

Ayala G, et al. (2010). Social Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM): Implications for HIV Policy and Programs. The Global Forum on MSM and HIV (MSMGF). PDF Download.

Azuah, Unoma (2011). Extortion and Blackmail of Nigerian Lesbians and Bisexual Women. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 46-59. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Balcha, Daniel Iddo (2009). Homosexuaity in Ethiopia. Master's Dissertation, Faculty of the Social Sciences, Lund University. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download. Download Page.

Baral S, Trapence G, Motimedi F, Umar E, Iipinge S, Dausab F, Beyrer C (2009). HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana. PLoS One, 4(3): e4997. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Barker G, Ricardo C (2005). Young Men and the Construction of Masculinity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for HIV/AIDS, Conflict, and Violence. Social Development Papers: Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, Paper No. 26. PDF Download.

Bateman, Chris (2011). Transgender patients sidelined by attitudes and labelling. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 101(2). Full Text.

Belkin A, Canaday M (2010). Assessing the integration of gays and lesbians: Into the South African National Defence Force. Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies, 38(2): 1-21. PDF Download.

Ben-Asher, Noa (2005). Screening Historical Sexualities: A Roundtable on Sodomy, South Africa, and Proteus (with Brassel, Garrett, Greyson, Lewis, Newton-King). GLQ, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Studies, 11(3): 437-455. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Beresford B, et al. (2007)Constitutional Authority and its Limitations: The Politics of Sexuality in South Africa. PDF Download.

Beyrer C, Trapence G, Motimedi F, Umar E, Iipinge S, Dausab F, Baral S (2010). Bisexual concurrency, bisexual partnerships, and HIV among Southern African men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 86(4): 323-7. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Binagwaho A, et al. (2009). Exploring HIV Risk among MSM in Kigali, Rwanda. PDF Download.

Blackwood, Evelyn (2004). Conference Report: The Women’s Same-Sex Forum and African Women’s Life History Project of Sex and Secrecy: The 4th Conference of the International Association for the Study of Sexuality, Culture, and Society. Johannesburg, South Africa, June 22-25. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 1(1): 104-107. PDF Download.

Botha MP (2011). Themes in the Cinema of Darrell James Roodt: Women on the margin of South African society: Themes in the cinema of Darrell James Roodt. Kinema: a journal for film and audiovisual media, Spring. Full Text.

Botha MP (2008). The New African Queer Aesthetics: The portrayal of homosexuality in international cinema. Kinema: a journal for film and audiovisual media, Spring. Full Text.

Botha MP (2003). Homosexuality and South African cinema. Kinema, 19, Spring 2003:39-64. Full Text.

Bousfiha S, Fdaïl M, Mekouar (2006). Male Prostitution in Morocco. PDF Download.

Boyce P. et al (2011). An Exploratory Study of the Social Contexts, Practices and Risks of Men Who Sell Sex in Southern and Eastern Africa. PDF Download. This report presents research conducted on behalf of Oxfam GB with funding from UNDP - an exploratory study of the social contexts, practices and risks of men who sell sex in Southern and Eastern Africa. The research was undertaken by the African Sex Worker Alliance in collaboration with Dr. Paul Boyce (UNDP) and Dr. Gordon Isaacs (SWEAT) as principle investigators...

Bright, Debra (2003). Constructs of homosexual identities: and exploration of the narratives of sex white, South African homosexual men. Master's Dissertation, Counselling Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Natal, Durban Campus. PDF Download.

Brody S, Potterat JJ (2003). Assessing the role of anal intercourse in the epidemiology of AIDS in Africa. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 14: 431-436. PDF Download. Full Text. Abstract.

Broqua C (2004). Vulnérabilité des hommes ayant des pratiques homosexuelles à Dakar. Transcriptase, 117. Full Text. Translation.

Broqua C (2004). Sexualités entre hommes, VIH et Afrique. Conférence internationale sur le sida, automne 2004. Also in: Transcriptase, 118. Full Text. Translation. Full Text. Translation.

Butler A (2004). Taxonomy of Feelings Associated with the Coming Out Process of South Asrican Gya and Lesbian Youth. PDF Download. Author Website.

Butler A (2000). A Qualitative Study on the Coming Out Process of Gay and Lesbian Youth. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Porth Elizabeth. PDF Download. Author Website.

Butler A, Alpaslan N, Strumpher N, Astbury G (2003). Gay and Lesbian Youth Experiences of Homophobia in South African Secondary Education. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Issues in Secondary Education. 1(2/3): 3-28. PDF Download. Author Website.

Butler A, Astbury G (2005). South Africa: LGBT issues. In James T. Sears (Ed.), Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia, pp. 810-814. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. PDF Download.Author Website.

Butler A, Astbury G (2005). South African LGBT youth. In James T. Sears (Ed.), Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia, pp. 814-817. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. PDF Download. Author Website.

Canaday M (2002). The Effect of Sodomy Laws on Lifting the Ban of Homosexual Personnel: 3 Case Studies. White Paper. Includes South Africa. Full TextPDF Download.

Capo-Chichi V, Kassegné S (2007). Homosexuality in Africa: Myth or Reality? An Ethnographic Exploration in Togo, West Africa. Paper presented at the 5th African Population Conference, Arusha, Tanzania, December 10-14. PDF Download.

Cassiau-Haurie C, Luwa S (2009). L'homosexualité en Afrique, un tabou persistant L'exemple de la RDC. Africultures - Analyse. Full Text, Translation..  Full Text, Translation.

Chacha BK,  Nyangena K (2006). Globalisation of Sex and the Problematics of Gender Identities in Africa: From Human Rights to Women’s Rights to Sexual Freedom. CODESRIA Bulletin, Nos 1/2. PDF Download N/A. Home Page. Issues Now Online.

Chibwezo, Wiseman  (2011). Blackmail Among Gay People in Malawi. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 74-88. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Christiansen, Eric C (2000). Ending the Apartheid of the Closet: Sexual Orientation in the South African Constitutional Process. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics (JILP), 32(997): 1-36. PDF Download.

Cloete A, Rispel L, Reddy V, Metcalf C (2010). Constructs of identity and HIV risk behaviours among men who have sex with men (MSM) in two South African cities. PPT Presentaton at the
Third Annual International Colloquium "Gender, Sexuality, History and Culture in Africa", University of Lagos, Nigeria.
PDF Download.

Cloete A, Rispel L, Metcalf C, Reddy V (2010). Being Straight and being Gay: Identity or Multiple Desire: The Case of South Africa. Sexuality in Africa: Magazine Monographs, 6(1): 9-10. PDF Download. Full Text.

Cloete A, Sanger N, Simbayi LC (2011). Are HIV positive women who have sex with women (WSW) an unrecognized and neglected HIV risk group in South Africa? Journal of AIDS and HIV Research, 3(1): 1-5. PDF Download. Abstract.

Cloete A, Simbayi LC, Kalichman SC (2008). Disclosure decisions of HIV positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Cape Town, South Africa. Human Science Research Council. PPT Presentation as PDF.

Cloete A, Simbayi LC, Kalichman SC, Strebel A, Henda N (2008). Stigma and discrimination experiences of HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Care, 20(9): 1105-10. Abstract. Full Text. PDF Download.

Cobbinah, Mac-Darling (2011). Because of You”: Blackmail and Extortion of Gay and Bisexual Men in Ghana. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 60-73. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Cochrane N (2006). Uit in die kuberruim: enkele waardetoevoegings en uitdagings ten opsigte van Gay@Litnet binne Suid-Afrikaanse konteks. PDF Download. Translation. PDF DownloadTranslation

Cochrane N (2005). Voicing gay experience in South Africa (2002-2005): democratization, minorities and cyberspace. PDF Download. Paper Presented at the 2nd Sexualities Global Conference.

Cock J (2003). Engendering gay and lesbian rights: the equality cluase in the South African Constitution. Women’s Studies International Forum, 26(1): 35–45. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Coelho, Tony (2009). When the Global and the Local Collide: Gay Identity in Brazil and South Africa According to Parker and Reid. Amsterdam Social Science, 1(2): 6-23. PDF Download. PDF Download.- Summary &  Download Page.

Coetzee, Catherine Anne (2009). The development and evaluation of a programme to promote sensitive pscyhotherapeutic practice with gay men and lesbians. PhD Dissertation, Rhodes University. Abstract and Download Page.

Consultancy Africa Intelligence (2011). Perpetrators of corrective rape: Uncertainty and gender in the 21st century. Full Text.

Consultancy Africa Intelligence (2010). Colonial Sodomy: Homophobic threat within common law. Full Text.

Corboz, Julienne (2008). Results of a Contextual Scoping Study: East Africa - Kenya and Uganda. PDF Download. Download Page.

Croucher, Sheila (2002). South Africa's Democratisation and the Politics of Gay Liberation. Journal of Southern African Studies, 28(2): 315-330. PDF Download.

Currier, Ashley (2007). Transgender Inclusion in the Namibian and South African LGBT Movements. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, New York, New York. Full Text.

Currier, Ashley McAllister (2007). The Visibility of Sexual Minority Movement Organizations in Namibia and South Africa. PhD Dissertation, Sociology, University of Pittsburgh. PDF Download. Download Page.

Dahoma M, Johnston LG, Holman A, Miller LA, Mussa M, Othman A, Khatib A, Issa R, Kendall C, Kim AA (2011). HIV and related risk behavior among men who have sex with men in Zanzibar, Tanzania: results of a behavioral surveillance survey. AIDS and Behavior, 15(1): 186-92. PDF Download. Abstract.

da Silva et al. (2010). Study about vulnerability and risk to HIV infection among Men who have Sex with Men in Maputo City. Maputo, Mozambique: Lambda – Mozambican Association for Sexual Minority Rights, Population Services Mozambique (PSI), Pathfinder International,UNFPA. PDF Download. Download Page.

da Silva et al. (2010). Estudo sobre vulnerabilidade e risco de infecção pelo HIV entre os Homens que fazem sexo com Homens na Cidade de Maputo.. Maputo, Moçambique: Lambda – Associação de Defesa das Minorias Sexuais (em formação), Population Services Mozambique (PSI), Pathfinder International,UNFPA. PDF Download. Download Page.

de Gruchy J, Lewin S (2001). Ethics that exclude: the role of ethics committees in lesbian and gay health research in South Africa. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 865-8. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Distiller, Natasha (2011). Am I That Name? Middle-class lesbian motherhood in post-apartheid South Africa. Studies in the Maternal, 3(1). PDF Download. Download Page.

Dodds C, et al. (2004). Outsider status: Stigma and discrimination experienced by Gay men and African people with HIV. United Kingdom: Sigma Research. PDF Download.

Dodge B, Jeffries WL 4th, Sandfort TG (2008). Beyond the Down Low: sexual risk, protection, and disclosure among at-risk Black men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW). Archives of Sexual Behavior,  37(5): 683-696. PDF Download. Abstract.

Donham DL (1998). Freeing South Africa: The "Modernization" of Male-Male Sexuality in Soweto. Cultural Anthropology, 13(1): 3-21.  PDF Download.

Douglas, Ben (2007). The Politics of Homosexuality in Africa. Africana: A Journal of Ideas on Africa and the African Diaspora, 1(1): 123-134. PDF Download.

Douglas, Eduardo de Jesus (1998). The colonial self: homosexuality and mestizaje in the art of Nahum B. Zenil. Art Journal, 57(3): 14-21. Full Text N/A. Excerpt. Excerpt.

Dynes, Wayne R (1983). Homosexuality in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Unnecessary Controversy. Gay Books Bulletin, 9: 20-21. PDF Download.

Engelke, Matthew  (1999). ‘We Wondered what Human Rights He Was Talking About.’ Human rights, homosexuality and the Zimbabwe International Book Fair. Critique of Anthropology, 19(3): 289-314. PDF Download.

Epprecht, Marc (2008). Resources for Uncovering the History of Same-Sex Sexualities in Africa South Of the Sahara. SEPHIS e-magazine, 4(3). PDF Download.

Epprecht, Marc (2005)."Hidden" Histories of African HomosexuaIities. Canadian Women's Studies, 24(2/5): 138-144. PDF Download. Download Page.

Epprecht, Marc (1998). The 'Unsaying' of Indigenous Homosexualities in Zimbabwe: Mapping a Blindspot in an African Masculinity. Journal of Southern African Studies 24: 631-51. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Epstein D (1997). Taking it Like a Man: narratives of dominant white masculinities in South Africa. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Brisbane. Full Text.

Essien K, Aderinto s (2009). "Cutting the Head of the Roaring Monster": Homosexuality and Repression in Africa. African Study Monographs, 30(3): 121-135. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Fabeni S, Johnson CA, Nana J (2007?). The Violations of the Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Persons in Zambia. Submitted to the Human Rights Committee. Released: 2007. PDF Download. Word Download.

Forman, Ross G (2002). Randy on the Rand: Portuguese African Labor and the Discourse on "Unnatural Vice" in the Transvaal in the Early Twentieth Century. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 11(4): 570-609. PDF Download. Reference.

Franke KM (2004). Sexual Tensions of Post-Empire. Columbia Law School Pub. Law Research Paper No. 04-62. PDF Download. Download Page.

Garaud, Patrick (2004). Contribution à l'analyse de l'homosexualité à l'ile de La Réunion. PhD, Thesis, Sciences et Techniques des Activités Physiques et Sportives, l’Université de La Réunion. Download Page (Translation). PDF Download. PDF Download.

Gaurav Desai, Gaurav (1997). Queer Theory and Alternative Sexualities. PDF Download.

Gevisser, Mark (2000). Mandela's stepchildren: homosexual identity in post-apartheid South Africa. In: Different Rainbows: Same-Sex Sexualities and Popular Movements in the Third World - 2000 - edited by Peter Drucker.  PDF DownloadAuthor Website.

Ghanotakis E, et al. (2007). Stop prison rape in South Africa. Agenda, 74: 68-80. PDF Download.

Gibson, Alexandra Farren (2010). Beyond Coming Out: Lesbians' Stories of Sexual Identity in the Context of a Historically White University. Master's Dissertation, Rhodes University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Glick SN, Golden MR (2010). Persistence of racial differences in attitudes toward homosexuality in the United States. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 55(4): 516-23. Abstract. PDF Download.

Gontek, Ines (2009). Sexual Violence Against Lesbian Women in South Africa. Outliers, a Collection of Essays and Creative Writing on Sexuality in Africa, 2, spring. PDF Download.

Graham T, Kiguwa S (2005+). Experiences of Black LGBTI Youth In Peri-Urban Communities in South Africa. Formative Research: For LGBTI Radio Drama Being Produced by CommunityMedia for Development/CMFD Productions andThe Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA).  PDF Download.

Gray, Daniel (2009). The relationship between the spread of HIV/AIDS and inequality in Africa. International Relations. Full Text.

Gueboguo C (2008). Mobilisations transnationales des communautés homosexuelles en Afrique : une affaire à suivre. Anthropologie et Sociétés, 32 (numéro hors série 1): 85-93. PDF Download. Translation.

Gueboguo C (2006). It était une fois ... l'homosexualité contée aux journalistes camerounais. Communication présentée à l’école de journalisme et de science des communications à Yaoundé (ESSTIC) à Yaoundé, vendredi 24 février 2006. PDF Download. TranslationDownload Page.

Gueboguo C (2006). Pour une lecture revue et corrigée de l'homosexualité dans la pensée doxique africaine : Impacts, dérapages et risques. Communication présentée à l’Université Catholique d’Afrique Centrale, campus de Nkolbisson, dans le cadre des activités de l’APDHAC-ACTION (branche estudiantine de l’Association pour la Promotion des Droits de l’Homme en Afrique Centrale), le mercredi 18 janvier 2006. PDF Download. Translation. Download Page.

Guegogua C (2006). L'homosexualité en Afrique : sens et variations d'hirer à nos jours. Socio-logos, 37(1). Full Text. Translation. Full Text. Translation - Homosexualité en Afrique Noire Mythe ou réalité ? - « (Homo) sexualité » dans l’histoire africaine : socio-graphie et socio-analyse d’une activité « jouissive ». - Homosexualité ou homosexualités en Afrique : de quelques contours sémantiques dans les langues africaines. - « Homosexualité » en Afrique : construction historique. - Pratiques homosexuelles à travers les classes d’âge : les jeux érotiques chez les jeunes garçons. - « Homosexualité » dans les rites initiatiques. - « Homosexualité » en l’absence d’hommes et/ou de femmes. - « Gender-defined homosexuality ». - Manifestations et facteurs explicatifs de l’homosexualité dans les villes d’Afrique contemporaine. - De quelques facteurs sociologiques explicatifs de la visibilité homosexuelle en Afrique.

Gueboguo C, Epprecht M (2011). Extortion and Blackmail on the Basis of Sexual Orientation in Africa: A Case Study from Cameroon. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 89-110. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Guebogo C, Mimche H (2006). La problématique de l’homosexualité en Afrique: l’expérience camerounaise. Sidanet, 3(10) : 946. Full Text. Translation.

Gunda, Masiiwa Ragies (2010). The Bible and Homosexuality in Zimbabwe: A Socio-historical analysis of the political, cultural and Christian arguments in the homosexual public debate with special reference to the use of the BiblePDF Download.

Gune E, Manuel S (2007). Doing Research on Sexuality in Africa: Ethical Dilemmas and the Positioning of the Researcher. OSSREA Newsletter, July. Full Text. PDF Download.

Gunkel, Henriette (2010). Introducton: The cultural politics of female sexuality in South Africa. Routledge research in gender and society: 25. PDF Download.

Hagos, Saifu (2006). Assessment of HIV/AIDS related risks among men having sex with men (MSM) in Addis Ababa. Master's Dissertation, Department of community health, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University. PDF Download. Related paper: Gebreyesus SH, Mariam DH (2009). Assessment of HIV/AIDS related risks among men having sex with men (MSM) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Journal of Public Health Policy, 30(3): 269-79. Abstract.

Hamilton K (2002). The Flames of Namugongo: Postcoloniality Meets Queer on African Soil? Paper Presented to the American Academy of Religion, "Gay Men's Issues," Toronto, Canada, November 22, 2002. Full Text.

Herdt G (1999). Clinical ethnography and sexual culture. Annual Review of Sex Research, 10: 100-119. Full Text.

Hollander, Michael (2009). Gay Rights in Uganda: Seeking to Overturn Uganda’s Anti-Sodomy Laws. Virginia Journal of International Law Association, 50(1): 219-266. PDF Download.

HRW & IGLHRC (2003). More than a Name: State-Sponsored Homophobia and Its Consequences in Southern Africa. New York, N.Y: Human Rights Watch. PDF Download.

INCRESE (2009). Report of the Survey on Sexual Diversity and Human Rights in Nigeria. PDF Download.

Institute of Environmental Sciences, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Senegal National AIDS Control Council (CNLS), Horizons Program (2002). Meeting the Needs of Men Who Have Sex With Men in Senegal. Report on research conducted in Senegal. Washington, DC: Population Council. PDF Download. Download Page.

INTERFUND (1998). Forging a representative gay liberation movement in South Africa. INTERFUND, 2(2). PDF Download.

International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2009). Responding to the HIV-related Needs of MSM in Africa: A guide to facilitating a consultation workshop with stakeholders. Download Page.

Izugbara CO (2004). Patriarchal Ideology and Discourses of Sexuality in Nigeria.Understanding Human Sexuality Seminar Series 2. PDF Download.

Isaak PJ (1998). Homosexuality: dimensions of the issue in church and society in Namibia - Homosexuality: Some Elements for an Ecumenical Discussion. The Ecumenical Review.  Full Text

Isaack W, Gubkel h (2003). Troubling Gender: Homosexuality in an African Society. Paper presented at he Sex and Secrecy Conference 2003, the 4th Conference of the International Association for the Study of Sexuality,Culture and Society (IASSCS). PDF Download.

Johnson CA (2007). Off The Map: How HIV/AIDS Programming is Failing Same-Sex People in Africa. New York, New York: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). PDF Download. Executive Summary.

Kaduuli S (2009). Perceptions of LGBT in Uganda and Africa. York University: Africa Leadership Institute. PDF Download

Kajubi P, Kamya MR, Raymond HF, Chen S, Rutherford GW, Mandel JS, McFarland W (2008). Gay and bisexual men in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS and Behavior, 12(3): 492-504. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Kalamar, Matthew John (2009). Exploring the factors affecting HIV prevention interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Cameroon : a case study of Alternatives-Cameroun, an NGO based in the city of Douala. Master's Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kaoma, Kapya (2009). Globalizing the Culture Wars: U.S. Conservatives, African Churches, and Homophobia. Political Research Associates. PDF Download

Kennedy, Brett (2006). Homosexuals in the Periphery: Gay and Lesbian Rights in Developing Africa. University of Nebraska, Lincoln. PDF Download.

Khaxas, E, Wieringa S (2007). Same-Sex Sexuality among Damara Women. In: Suzanne LaFont and Dianne Hubbard, Eds., Unravelling Taboos: Gender and Sexuality in Namibia. Windhoek, Namibi: Gender Research & Advocacy Project, Legal Assistance Centre. PDF Download.

King MJ (2007). Homosexuality in Cameroon’s Public Sphere: Rejecting Homosexuality as Protest against the Other. Washington University Undergraduate Digest, 2(2): 7-16.  PDF Download.

Kiragu J, Nyong’o Z (2005). LGBTI Organizing in East Africa: The True Test for Human Rights Defenders. UAF-Africa. PDF Download. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Klaaren J (2005). Southern Africa: As Seen Through Sexuality, Mobility and Citizenship. African Sociological Review, 9(2): 168-183. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Klein, Thamar (2009). Intersex and transgender activism in South Africa. Liminalis: Journal for sex/gender emancipation and resistance, 3. PDF Download. Download Page.

Klein, Thamar (2009). Trans citizenship in the making: the case of South Africa. Paper presented at the 3rd European Conference on African Studies, Leipzig, Germany. Word Download.

Kotzé, Marinda (2009). Men who have sex with men: A neglected HIV risk population in Africa. Full Text.

Kovac, Amy L (2003). Africa's rainbow nation. Journal of Southern African Studies, 28(2). Full Text.

Kraak, Gerald  (2002). Homosexuality and the South African left: the amibiguities of exile. On The Subject of Sex & The Body Seminar Series (in collaboration with the Graduate School for the Humanities and the School of Arts). Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER), The University of Witwatersrand. PDF Download. Download Page.

Krause, Kristina (2006). Being a Lesbian in South AfricaWord Download.

Kugle, Scott (2005). Queer Jihad. A View from South Africa. ISIM Review 16, Autumn. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lagabrielle R (2006). Le pouvoir de l’homosexualité dans la littérature maghrébine de langue française. A propos d’Eyet-Chékib Djaziri. Stichproben. Wiener Zeitschrift für kritische Afrikastudien, 11(6): 63-80. PDF Download. Translation

Landry D, Foucault P (2008). Trajectoires arcs-en-ciel de l’Afrique: Expérience vécue d’immigrants homosexuels d’origine africaine. Travail présenté à Mme Linda Pietrantonio, cours ANT 3517, Session d’hiver 2008. Université d'Ottawa. PDF Download. Translation.

Lane T, et al (2006). High-Risk Sex among Black MSM in Gauteng, South Africa. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lane T, Raymond HF, Dladla S, Rasethe J, Struthers H, McFarland W, McIntyre J (2011). High HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Soweto, South Africa: results from the Soweto Men's Study. AIDS and Behavior, 15(3): 626-34. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Lane T, Mogale T, Struthers H, McIntyre J, Kegeles SM (2008). "They see you as a different thing": the experiences of men who have sex with men with healthcare workers in South African township communities. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 84(6): 430-433. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Larmarange J, et al (2009). Homosexuality and Bisexuality in Senegal: A Multiform Reality. Population, 64: 635-666. Full Text. - Homo-bisexualités au Sénégal : une réalité multiforme (2009, Translation).

Larmarange J, et al (2008). Homosexuels masculins  : une épidémie sous-estimée”, Transcriptases / ANRS Information, 138. Download Page. Translation.

Larmarange J, Wade AS, Diop AK, Diop O, Gueye K, Marra A, du Loû AD; for ELIHoS Group (2010). Men who have sex with men (MSM) and factors associated with not using a condom at last sexual intercourse with a man and with a woman in Senegal. PLoS One, 5(10). pii: e13189. Abstract PDF Download.

Legrand A, Yomb Y, Bourrelly M, Lorente N, NKom A (2010). MSM law in francophone Africa and the fight against AIDS: the hypocrisy of certain countries. HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review, 14(3): 13-7.  Abstract PDF Download.

Li, XinLing (2010). Disjunctures within conventional knowledge of black male homosexual identity in contemporary South Africa. Masters Dissertation, Rhodes University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Liddle, Rod (2003). Who's to blame for African homophobia? We are, of course. The Spectator, October 18. Full Text.

Lindström, Christina (2009). Narratives of Lesbian Existence in Egypt: Coming to Terms with Identities. Bachelor Dissertaton, Middle Eastern and North African Studies, Stockholm University. PDF Download.

Livermon X (2001). Dark and Lovely Soft and Free: The Politics of Representing African Sexualities. CCMS: Gender & Culture. Full Text. Full Text.

Livingston L, et al. (2008). Prism Project: Needs Assessment Report: Resourced Gay Men in Tshwane aged 18-40, 2007/8. Pretoria: OUT Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender (LGBT) Well-Being. PDF Download.

Long, Scott (2004). Anatomy of a Backlash: Sexuality and the "Cultural" War on Human Rights. Human Rights Watch. PDF Download.

Lorway, Robert (2007). Health Silence: HIV Risk and Male-Male Sexual Practices in the Windhoek Urban Area. In: Suzanne LaFont and Dianne Hubbard, Eds., Unravelling Taboos: Gender and Sexuality in Namibia. Windhoek, Namibi: Gender Research & Advocacy Project, Legal Assistance Centre. PDF Download.

Lubbe, Carien (2007). Mothers, fathers or parents: Same-gendered families in South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology, 37(2): 260-283. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lubbe-De Beer, Carien (2008). The experiences of children growing up in lesbian-headed families in South Africa. Journal of GLBT family studies, 4(3): 325-359. PDF Download. Download Page. Abstract.

Lundholm, Klara (2009). Challenging heteronormativity in the post-colonial nation building of Namibia. Master's Dissertation, Department of Political Science, Umea University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Mabitla, Makwetle Aubrey (2006). Causes and manifestation of aggression among secondary school learners. Master's dissertation, Education, University of South Africa. PDF Download. Download Page.

Masango, Maake (2002). Homosexuality: A challenge to African churches. HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies, 58(3): 956-972. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Matebeni, Zethu (2011). Exploring Black Lesbian Sexualities and Identities In Johannesburg. PhD Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand. PDF Download. Download Page.

Matebeni, Zethu (2009). Sexing Women: Young black lesbians' reflections on sex and responses to safe(r) sex. In: Vasu Reddy, Theo Sandfort & Laetitia Rispel (eds), From Social Silence to Social Science Same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and Gender in South Africa. Book & Chapters Download Page.

Matebeni Z (2008). 'Vela bhambhentsele': Intimacies and complexities in researching within black lesbian groups in Johannesburg. Feminist Africa 11: 89–96. PDF Download.

Mathuray, Mark (2000). On the (African) national question: Sexuality and tradition. Queering Development Seminar Series, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Maunze, Rumbidzai (2009). A history of debates on sexuality in Zimbabwe. Master's Dissertation, Historisch-Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Wien. Download Page.

Mbali, Mandisa (2005). The Treatment Action Campaign and the History of Rights-Based, Patient-Driven HIV/AIDS Activism in South Africa: Research Report No. 29. University of Kwazulu-Natal Centre for Civil Society. PDF Download. Download Page.

McGuuinness J (2006). Between the Parc de la Ligue Arabe and Being Gay Offline and Online in Urban Morocco. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany. Full Text.

McLachlan, Christine (2010). Queering gender : an exploration of the subjective experience of the development of transgender identity. Master's Dissertation, Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg. PDF Download. Download Page.

Mieses A (2009). Gender Inequality and Corrective Rape of Women Who Have Sex With Women. GMHC Treatment Issues. PDF Download.

Millett G, Malebranche D, Mason B, Spikes P (2005). Focusing "down low": bisexual black men, HIV risk and heterosexual transmission. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(7 Suppl): 52S-59S. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Monamodi, Nthabiseng (2009). Rainbow Pride in The Rainbow Nation: The fictional representation of lesbians on the South African Broadcasting Corporation. Master's Dissertation, Faculty of Humanities, The University of the Witwatersrand. PDF Download. Download Page.

Morgan R, Reid G (2003). 'I've Got Two Men and One Woman': Ancestors, Sexuality and Identity among Same-Sex Identified Women Traditional Healers in South Africa. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 5(5): 375-391. PDF Download.

Mott, Luiz (2005). Raízes Históricas da Homossexualidade no Atlântico Lusófono Negro [Historical Roots of Homosexuality in 'Western Africa ?']. Afro-Ásia, 33: 9-33. PDF Download (Translation). PDF Download.

Mudavanhu, Jannet (2010). The attitude of the Methodist Church in Zimbabwe to homosexuality: towards a socio-sexological theological investigation. PhD. Dissertation, University of Birmingham. PDF Download. Download Page.

Muholi, Zanele  (2009). Mapping Our Histories: A Visual History of Black Lesbians in Post-Apartheid South Africa. PDF Download Other Writings. Home Page.

Muholi, Zanele (2008). (Un)Imagined Bodies and Identities. Documentary Studies II: Documentary Media Program, Ryerson University. PDF Download.

Murray SO (1998+). Homosexuality in “Traditional” Sub-Saharan Africa and Contemporary South Africa: An Overview. PDF Download.

Mushayabasa S, Bhunu CP (2011). Modeling HIV Transmission Dynamics among Male prisoners in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Applied Mathematics, 41(1): 62-67. PDF Download. Download Page.

Muthien, Bernedette (2008). Queerying Borders: An Afrikan Activist Perspective. PDF Download.

Muula AS (2007). Perceptions about Men Having Sex with Men in Southern African Country: Case Study of Print Media in Malawi. Croatian Medical Journal. 48: 398-404. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Naome-Buzindana (2010). Lesbian Study on Lived Realities of Same Sex Women in Rwanda. Kigali, Rwanda: Horizon Community Association (HOCA). PDF Download. Download Page: Horizon Community Association (HOCA).

National AIDS Control Council of Kenya and Population Council (2009). The overlooked epidemic: Addressing HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, report of a consultation, Nairobi, Kenya, 14–15 May 2008,” Consultation Report. Nairobi: Population Council. PDF Download.

Nel, Juan A (2007). Lifting the veil: Experiences of gay men in a therapy group. South African Journal of Psychology, 37(2): 284-306. PDF Download. Abstract.

Nel JA (2005). Hate crimes: A new category of vulnerable victims for a new South Africa. In Davis, L., & Snyman, R. (Eds.) Victimology in South Africa. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.  PDF Download. Download Page.

Nel JA, Judge M (2008). Exploring homophobic victimisation in Gauteng, South Africa: Issues, impacts and responses. Acta Criminologica, 21(3): 19-36. PDF Download. Download Page.

Niang CI, et al. Edited by Kees Kostermans and Aissatou Diack (2004). Targeting Vulnerable Groups in National HIV/AIDS Programs: The Case of Men Who Have Sex with Men: Senegal, Burkina Faso, The Gambia. Africa Region Human Development Working Paper Series. PDF Download.

Ntata PRT, Muula AS, Sisiya B (2008). Socio-demographic characteristics and sexual health related attitudes and practices of men having sex with men in central and southern Malawi. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 10(3): 124-130. PDF Download. Abstract.

Ntseane, Peggy Gabo (2004). Cultural dimensions of sexuality: Empowerment challenge for HIV/AIDS prevention in Botswana. Paper presented at the International Seminar/Workshop on "Learning and Empowerment: Key Issues in strategies for HIV/AIDS Prevention," Chiangmai, Thailand. PDF Download.

Ntuli, Praisegod Mduduzi. (2009). IsiNgqumo : exploring origins, growth and sociolinguistics of an Nguni urban-township homosexual subculture. Master's Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download. Abstract.

Nyanzi, Stella (2010). Politicising 'the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah': Examining Christian Rightists' war against homosexuality in Uganda. Draft Concept Paper prepared for the The Makerere Institute of Social Research (MISR), Uganda. PDF Download.

Nyanzi S (2006). Reflections on ‘Barren' but Pleasurable Sexualities in Africa. Sexuality in Africa Magazine, 3(2). PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Onyango-Ouma W, Birungi H, Geibel S (2005). Understanding the HIV/STI risks and prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya, Horizons Final Report. Washington, D.C.: Population Council. Research. PDF Download. Summary: PDF Download.

Ottosson, Daniel (2010). State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults. ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. PDF Download.

Ottosson, Daniel (2009). Homophobie d'État: Une enquête mondiale sur les lois qui interdisent la sexualité entre adultes consentants de même sexe ILGA: Association Internationale des Lesbiennes, des Gays, des personnes Bisexuelles, Trans et Intersexuelles. PDF Download.

Pakade, Noman (2011). From the horse’s mouth: Township perceptions on the Black Butch Lesbian identity. In: Saskia E. Wieringa (ed), Women-Loving-Women in Africa and Asia, pp. 464-486. Amsterdam: TRANS/SIGN Report of Research Findings. PDF Download.

Pambazuka News (2010). Sexual orientation under the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Pambazuka News, Issue 506. Full text.

Parry O (1996). In One Ear and Out the Other: Unmasking Masculinities in the Caribbean Classroom. Sociological Research Online, 1(2). Full text.

Patton LD, Simmons SL (2008). Exploring Complexities of Multiple Identities of Lesbians in a Black College Environment. Negro Educational Review, 59(3/4): 197-215. Full Text.

Patron EJ (1995). Heart of Lavender: in search of gay Africa. Harvard Gay and Lesbian Review, Fall, 1995. Full Text. Full Text.

Pattman, Rob (2005). Researching and working with boys in Southern Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS - a radical approach. Sociology, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa. PDF Download.

Peach, Ricardo (2005). Queer cinema as a fifth cinema in South Africa and Australia. PhD. Dissertation, University of Technology, Sidney.  Abstract and PDF Download Page.

Pearson S, Makadzange P (2008). Help-seeking behaviour for sexual-health concerns: a qualitative study of men in Zimbabwe. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 10(4): 361-76. Abstract. PDF Download.

Phillips, Oliver (2011). Blackmail in Zimbabwe: Troubling Narratives of Sexuality and Human Rights. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 19-45. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Phillips, Oliver C (2009). Blackmail in Zimbabwe: Troubling Narratives of Sexuality and Human Rights. International Journal of Human Rights, 13(2): 345-364. Abstract and PDF Download Page.

Phillips O (2001). Constituting the Global Gay: issues of individual subjectivity and sexuality in Southern Africa. Published in Herman, D. and Stychin, C. (eds.) Sexuality in the Legal Arena. Athlone: 2001. PDF Download.

Polders LA, Nel JA, Kruger P, Wells H (2008). Factors affecting vulnerability to depression among gay men and lesbian women. South African Journal of Psychology, 38(4): 673-687. PDF Download. Download Page.

Polders LA (2006). Factors affecting vulnerability to depression among gay men and lesbian women. Master's Dissertation, University of South Africa. PDF Download. Download Page.

Population Council (2010). Understanding the HIV Risk and Sexual Health Needs of Men Who Have Sex With Men: Horizon Studies 2001 to 2008. PDF Download.

Posel D (2002). “Getting the Nation Talking about Sex”: Reflections on the Politics of Sexuality and ‘Nation-Building’ in Post-Apartheid South Africa. Draft: PDF Download. Download Page.

Poteat T, Diouf D, Drame FM, Ndaw M, Traore C, Dhaliwal M, Beyrer C, Baral S (2011). HIV risk among MSM in Senegal: a qualitative rapid assessment of the impact of enforcing laws that criminalize same sex practices. PLoS One, 6(12): e28760. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Prinsloo J, Moletsane R, McLean N (2011). The internet and sexual identities: exploring transgender and lesbian use of the internet in South Africa. Issue Paper 15: Association for Progressive Communications. PDF Download.

Punt, Jeremy (2005). Using the Bible in post-apartheid South Africa: Its influence and impact amidst the gay debate. Edited version of the paper presented at the Annual SBL Meeting in Philadelphia, PA. PDF Download.

Ranchod S, Boezak S (2007). Hivos’ role in LGBT emancipation in southern Africa: 1995 - 2006PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Ratele, Kopano (2006). Ruling masculinity and sexuality. Feminist Africa, 6: 48-64. PDF Download. Full Text N/A. Download Page N/A.

Raymond HF, McFarland W (2009). Racial mixing and HIV risk among men who have sex with men. AIDS and Behavior, 13(4): 630-7. PDF Download. Abstract.

Reddy, Vasu (2009). Gender variance and male-male sexualities across the global south: a South African perspective. Presentation, Gender variance and male-male sexualities across the global south (2009, Satellite Session, organized by the Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (ACPOM), Naz Foundation International and Hivos). PDF Download.

Reddy, Vasu (2005). Moffies, stabanis and lesbos: the political construction of queer identities in southern Africa. PHD Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. PDF Download (Very large: 159 Megs). Download Page.

Reddy V, Sandfort T (2009). Researching MSM in South Africa: Some Preliminary Notes from the Frontlines of a Hidden Epidemic. Feminist Africa, 11: 29-54. PDF Download. Reference.

Rees, Jennifer (2010). Masculinity and sexuality in South African border war literature. Master's Dissertation, University of Stellenbosch. PDF Download. Download Page.

Robertson, Veronica L (2011). Homosexuality: the disclosure process during adolescence. Master's Dissertation, Educational Psychology, Stellenbosch University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Sallah ED, Grunitzky-Bekele M, Bassabi K, Dodzro K, Sadzo A, Balogou AK, Grunitzky EK, Gaudreau L (1999). [Sexual behavior, knowledge and attitudes to AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases of students at the University of  Benin]. Sante, 9(2):101-9. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

Samba, Chesterfield (2006). The Issues of Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender organising in Africa. Centre For Peace and Reconciliation Studies. PDF Download. Download Page.

Samelius L, Wågberg E (2005). Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Issues in Development: A Study of Swedish policy and administration of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender issues in international development cooperation.  Sida Health Division, Sweden. Study commissioned by Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. PDF Download.

Sandfort TG, Nel J, Rich E, Reddy V, Yi H (2008). HIV testing and self-reported HIV status in South African men who have sex with men: results from a community-based survey. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 84(6): 425-429. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

Sappe, Robin (2003). Le SIDA et les rapports sexuels entre hommes en Afrique Noire. Observatoire socio-épidémiologique du Sida et des Sexualités. Facultés Universitaires Saint-Louis.Bruxelles. PDF Download. Translation.

Schaff E (2010). "It’s a White People Thing": The Experience of Negotiating Sexual and Cultural Identity for Young-Adults in Durban. ISP Collection. Paper 851. Download Page.

Schaap, Rudy (2011). State of Emergency: An exploration of attitudes towards homosexuality in the SADF, 1969-1994. Master's Dissertation, History Department, Stellenbosch University. Abstract and Download Page.

Setuke, Lorraine (2011, Vice Chair, Lesbians, Gays & Bisexuals of Botswana (LeGaBiBo)). Report on the factors contributing to the marginalization of lesbian, bisexual and women who have sex with women (LBWSW) community in Botswana. In: Kirey, Anna (2011). Oral history of activism, formal and non-formal organizing by women-loving women and transgender organizing in Central Asia.Den Haag. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Sinclair R (2005). The official treatment of white, South African, homosexual men and the consequent reaction of gay liberation from the 1960s to 2000. PhD Dissertation. University of Jahannesburg. Download Page.

Smith AD, Tapsoba P, Peshu N, Sanders EJ, Jaffe HW (2009). Men who have sex with men and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet, 374(9687): 416-22. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Sonnekus, Theo (2009). Invisible Queers: Investigating the 'other' Other in gay visual cultures. Master or Arts Dissertation, University of Pretoria. PDF Download. Download Page.

Stephens, Angeline V (2010). An exploration of Hate Crime and Homophobia in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: The Gay and Lesbian Network. PDF Download.

Swarr, Amanda Lock (2009). “Stabane,” Intersexuality, and Same-Sex Relationships in South Africa. Feminist Studies, 35(3): 524-548. PDF Download.

Swarr AL (2004). Moffies, Artists, and Queens: Race and the Production of South African Gay Male Drag. Abstract. Draft: Full Text.

Swarr AL, Nagar R (2003). Dismantling Assumptions: Interrogating “Lesbian” Struggles for Identity and Survival in India and South Africa. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 29(2): 491-516. PDF Download.

Tamale, Sylvia (2003). Out of the Closet: Unveiling Sexuality Discourses in Uganda. Feminist Africa, 2. Full Text.

Theron A, Bezuidenhout C (1995). Anti-Gay Hate Crimes: Need for police involvement to curb violence committed against gays. Seminar No. 2, Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, Johannesburg, South Africa. Full Text.

Theuninck AC (2000). The Traumatic Impact of Minority Stressors on Males Self-Identified as Homosexual or Bisexual. Master's Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Full Text & Summary N/A. (Archive Link)

Thoreson R, Cook S, Eds. (2011). Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download. - LGBT Africans face blacmail and extortion on a regular basis (2011, Alternate Link).

Tieu HV, Murrill C, Xu G, Koblin BA (2010). Sexual partnering and HIV risk among black men who have sex with men: New York City. Journal of Urban Health, 87(1): 113-21. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Tlou, Benedictor Leah (2007). Being gay in the management echelon of the South African Department of Defence: a life history. PhD Dissertation, University of Johannesburg. Download Page.

Tlou BL, Schurink W (2003). A Gay Woman's Experience During her Career in the Department of Defence: Fleet of Hope: A Social Science Commentary - Part 2. SA Journal of Human Resource Management [SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur], 1(3): 35-44. PDF Download.

TrustAfrica (2009). Conference Report: 15th International Conference on AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Africa (ICASA). Dakar-Fann, Sénégal: TrustAfrica. PDF Download.

Undie C-C, Benaya K (2008). The State of Knowledge on Sexuality in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Synthesis of Literature. QUEST: An African Journal of Philosophy / Revue Africaine de Philosophie, 20: 119-154. PDF Download.

Undie C-C, Benaya K (2006). The State Of Knowledge On Sexuality In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Synthesis Of Literature. Jenda: A Journal of Culture and African Women Studies, Series B. Full Text.

van der Elst EM, Okuku HS, Nakamya P, Muhaari A, Davies A, McClelland RS, Price MA, Smith AD, Graham SM, Sanders EJ (2009). Is audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) useful in risk behaviour assessment of female and male sex workers, Mombasa, Kenya? PLoS One, 4(5): e5340. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

van Dyk, Delene (2011). “Lesbian Lives Unlimited”; The psycho-social-sexual experiences of lesbian women in Tshwana (Pretoria): A qualitative analysis. In: Saskia E. Wieringa (ed), Women-Loving-Women in Africa and Asia, pp. 428-463. Amsterdam: TRANS/SIGN Report of Research Findings. PDF Download.

van Griensven F, de Lind van Wijngaarden JW, Baral S, Grulich A (2009). The global epidemic of HIV infection among men who have sex with men. Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, 4(4): 300-7. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

van Zyl M, et al. (1999). Human rights abuses of gays and lesbians in the South African Defence Force by health workers during the apartheid era. Cape Town, Sotuh Africa: Simply Said and Done
on behalf of Gay and Lesbian Archives, Health and Human Rights Project, Medical Research Council, and the National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality.
PDF Download.

Visser, Gustav (2008). The homonormalisation of white heterosexual leisure spaces in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Goforum, 39: 1344-1358. PDF Download.

Vu L, Tun W, Sheehy M, Nel D (2011-2012). Levels and Correlates of Internalized Homophobia Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Pretoria, South Africa. AIDS & Behavior. 2011 Apr 8. [Epub ahead of print]. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Ward K (2002). Same-sex relations in Africa and the debate on homosexuality in East African Anglicanism. Anglican Theological Review, Winter. Full text.

Wells H, Polders l (2004). Levels of Empowerment among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender [LGBT] People in Gauteng, South Africa. Research initiative of the Joint Working Group conducted by OUT LGBT Well-being in collaboration with the UNISA Centre for Applied Psychology. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Wieringa SE (2007). The admonishment of vegetarian great aunt: reflections on sexual and gender multiplicity and culture. Inaugural address of the chair I have been invited to hold, ’Gender and Women’s Same-Sex Relations Cross-culturally’. The University of Amsterdam. PDF Download.

Wieringa SE (2006). Female Masculinities and Sexual Practices in Southern Africa and Indonesia; female-bodied banci and lesbian men. University of Amsterdam: For International Academy of Sex Research June 2006.  PDF Download

Wood J, Simon S, Anmeghichean M (2007). LGBT Health and Rights in East Africa: A Snapshot of Successes and Challenges for the Advocacy Community. New York, New York: Open Society Institute Public Health Program. PDF Download. Download Page.

Accessing African Resources

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Searching for Free Papers & Abstracts / Reports / Presentations / Articles on the Internet

The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

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Search for Free Articles, Papers or - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available -

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.

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