African Sexual Minorities & Gender Variant Resources
Homosexuality - Gay - Lesbian - Bisexual - Transgender - Transsexual - Same-Sex Sex
To: Map of Africa
UGANDA - Scott Mills: ‘Gay hatred is everywhere in Uganda’ (2011).- Uganda gay rights activist killed (2011). - Uganda gay rights activist David Kato killed (2011). - Gay Activist Murder Part of Trend of Deteriorating Rights (2011). - Ugandan gay activist was killed by sex partner (2011). - Uganda: Murdered gay activist insulted at his own funeral (2011). - Ugandan lesbian wins temporary reprieve from deportation (2011): MPs and MEPs demand urgent review for Brenda Namigadde after the killing of gay rights activist David Kato. - Fear grows among Uganda’s gay community over death penalty draft law (2010). - Uganda anti-gay bill likely to drop death penalty (2011). - Zimbabwe police arrest gay rights activists (2010). - Anti-Homosexual Bill In Uganda Causes Global Uproar (2010). - Uganda drops anti-gay bill (2011).
Uganda Ruling Small Victory in Gay Struggle
(2011): Gay people in Uganda continue to face threats and
discrimination despite a court ruling banning local media from
publishing the personal details of alleged homosexuals, rights
activists and lawyers say. - My life as a gay Ugandan (2011):
In January a judge ruled in favour of a group of gay individuals
stating that all Ugandans, regardless of their sexual orientation, have
a right to privacy and dignity. One of the plaintiffs recounts her
story. - Even
Lesbian Youths or Those Presumed to be Lesbians Are Protected by the
Constitution of Uganda—But to a Limited Extent: Rules the High Court (2009). - Orombi: a child of empire?
(2008): The Bishop of Uganda's dismally homophobic views must not be
viewed as anti-colonialist: in fact they come from a deeply colonised
Anti Gay Conference In Uganda (2010, Video) - Amidst International Pressure, Anti-Gay Ugandan Pastor Resigns from College Board
(2010): For several weeks now, there's been a stepped up effort to call
attention to the fact that Oral Roberts University, the stalwart
Christian college in Oklahoma, has an anti-gay pastor from Uganda on
its prominent Board of Reference. That pastor? Martin Ssempa, a leading
anti-gay minister in Uganda who has traveled the country showing
graphic pornography to people in attempts to whip up violent anti-gay
sentiment. - Gay activists attack Ugandan preacher's porn slideshow (2010). - Americans' Role seen in uganda Anti-Gay push (2010, Alternate Link).
Gay in Uganda
(2011): Not long after a Ugandan tabloid newspaper demanded that he be
hanged for being homosexual, activist David Kato was found beaten to
death at his home last week. Kato, who served as advocacy officer for
the country’s most prominent gay-rights group, Sexual Minorities
Uganda, had complained of intense harassment after a tabloid called The
Rolling Stone (no relation to the American magazine) published the
names, addresses, and photos of Ugandans whom it had identified as gay.
The words “Hang Them” were on the front page, and the article alleged
both that gay Ugandans were infected with a deadly disease and that
they were “recruiting” children. Though a high court had issued an
injunction against the newspaper, forbidding it from publishing more
articles that targeted gays, activists and gay Ugandans have received
an onslaught of intimidation since late last year. And while police are
investigating the murder, officials claim that it was only the result
of a robbery, despite the death threats against Kato.
Inside Out 2010: The Kuchus of Uganda - Documentary - A sobering peek into one of the most homophobic places on earth (2010). - YouTube: Kuchus of Uganda pt 1 of 5. Part 2 of 5. Part 3 of 5. Part 4 of 5. Part 5 of 5.- Being Gay in Uganda: One Couple's Story (2010). - The fear of being gay and Ugandan (2010): Despite the latest calls in Uganda for gays to be hanged, we have come through the fire and are tougher because of it. - Uganda's Bishop Christopher on gay suicide, gay genocide and Article 13 (2010). - Uganda tabloid urges "hanging of homos" (2010). - IFSW Statement - Human Rights and Social Work in Uganda
(2010): ‘The proposals before the Ugandan Parliament concerning
homosexuality and gay rights are a violation of international human
rights conventions and should be withdrawn’, said Dr David N Jones,
President of the International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW), as
he prepared for the annual United Nations Social Work Day in New York.
He was supporting statements already made by UN global leaders and
eminent human rights spokespeople...
Ugandans hold anti-gay sex rally (2007). - Ugandans defend gay sex ban: Thousands of Ugandans took part in anti-gay rally in the capital Kampala, asking the government to sustain the ban on gay sex, despite immense pressure from the international community. - Anti-Gay Group Hits Back At Rights Activists (2007): A COALITION of religious groups has lashed at the Human Rights Watch (HRW), accusing it of promoting homosexuality. The anti-gay group said the letter the HRW's director of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights programme, Scott Long, wrote to President Museveni was based on a false assumption that homosexuals were 'born that way'. In the August 23 letter, Long called for the reform of existing laws against homosexuality and an end to what was described as 'a long record of harassing' lesbians, gays, bisexual and trans-gender people. However, the Interfaith Rainbow Coalition against Homosexuality in Uganda (TIRCHU) insisted that homosexuality is illegal and against Ugandan family values... - Uganda rejects a gay rights call (2007). - Ugandan gays demand freedom (2007): The quest for gay rights is a challenge to Uganda's increasingly authoritarian church and state. - Sexual minorities Uganda condemns Homophobic threats (2006).
Activist: "Uganda is the new Zimbabwe" (2006). - Ugandan government accused of "state homophobia" (2007). - Uganda's anti-gay witch hunt escalates (2006). - Gay
rights group OutRage! exposes the 'outing' of 45 gays by a Ugandan
newspaper (Red Pepper) in a witch-hunt against lgbt people. arrests
have followed (2006). - Uganda gay-baiting raises persecution fears (2006).- Ugandan gays in email row with minister (2007). - Ugandan Rights Group Slams Gay Ban Law (2007). - Uganda's gay community demands equality (2007). - Ugandans seek deportation for writings on gays (2007):
Protesters in conservative nation call U.S. journalist’s articles
‘immoral’: Hundreds of people held an anti-gay protest in Uganda’s
capital Tuesday, denouncing what they called an “immoral” lifestyle and
demanding the deportation of an American journalist writing about gay
rights in the deeply conservative country. - Ugandan Gays, Lesbians Launch Campaign: “Let Us Live in Peace” (2007): “We have had enough of the abuse, neglect, and violence”.
Why the fuss about homosexuality in Uganda? (2007)
Everyday i wake up to a different story about homosexuality on the
Ugandan air waves. I don’t know if this has got anything to do with the
fourthcoming common wealth heads of state meeting slated for kampala
come November this year. The Queen of England is expected here, and
like you and me know, most of these common wealth countries are
positive about gays back home.So this confrerence,or CHOGM as it is
known locally here, may have a hand in this All of a sudden, gay people
are out to claim for their rights “openly”and with vigour. On the other
hand society is threatening to go all the way even if it means helping
the police in identifying and helping arrest these so called
homosexuals. I heard on radio this morning that the muslim tabliq sect
is ready to help police on this (arresting gay people) in all ways.
Lesbians Want Protection (2007):
Two Ugandan lesbians are suing the government for trespassing, theft of
property, illegal arrest, and inhuman and degrading treatment. The case
has been in court since December 2006 and a verdict is expected when
the court session resumes in August. Victor Mukasa, a 31-year-old gay
rights activist and Yvonne Ooyo, a 24-year-old Kenyan, claim that on
July 20, 2005, LC1 Chairman John Lubega from Kireka Kamuli zone
illegally raided and searched and their home without a warrant and
proceeded to arbitrarily arrest Ms Ooyo who was alone in the house at
Intimidation of lesbian and gay activists (2005). - Same-Sex Marriage Ban Deepens Repression (2005). - Gay and lesbian rights activists intimidated, and same sex marriage criminalised (2005). - On the road to legalizing homosexuality in Uganda (2006). - Being Gay in Uganda (2004-06): There is a very hidden underground community of gay people in Uganda now; mostly in the capital. I have even heard of many young men engaging in sex (even when they are not gay) because they heard that there is money to be made there. So the lines continue to be blurry. I can only wish the best for the few gay people I met there. It is such a sad situation because there are not a lot of places where they can go for support. - Ugandan churches demonstrate against gay acceptance (2005). - Ugandan LGBT community speaks out against gay hate (2007).
Uganda Homosexuals Ordered Arrested (1999, Max Penalty is life in prison) - Arrests of gay men have begun in Uganda (1999). - Unafrican? Why The Hunting Season Has Been Reopened? (1999 President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda recently ordered his secret service to arrest all homosexuals in his country. Uganda Criminalizing Homosexuality - A Licence to Torture: "Look for homosexuals, lock them up and charge them...” President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, 1999 (PDF Download N/A). - Church Backs Museveni Against Homosexuality (1999). - Ugandan Church attacks gay community. - Uganda Bishops Condemn Integrity/Uganda. - Integrity/Uganda. - Integrity Uganda: Prophets or Profit? (2001) - Gay doctor flees Uganda (1999). - Homosexuality in Uganda (Radio). - How Uganda's President Museveni Created Kill-The-Gays Mentality (2011).
Uganda queer activists write the president (2003): "The Gay And Lesbian Association (Gala) of Uganda have sent a letter to President Museveni demanding rights and threatening to form a political party and it has caused a rash of debate in the east African press... After years of homophobic rhetoric from President Museveni and a life lived under the shadow of prosecution for being gay, the letter is putting the message and the issue on the agenda following the cabinet's non-inclusion of sexual orientation in the Constitutional review process...The boldness of the letter is striking, it calls for the decriminalisation of homosexuality, the redefinition of marriage to include same-sex couples and advises the president to read a selection of books which will help disprove the theories that homosexuality is unnatural and unAfrican. The letter also emphasises that gay rights are human rights and that homophobic legislation is contrary to Uganda's own constitution. Whether the call will be successful in changing the minds and attitudes of Uganda's parliamentarians is debatable..." - Uganda Gays To Gov't: Give Us Civil Rights Or We Form Our Own Party (2003).
John's story: "It wasn't easy trying to set up a meeting with John. He was very worried about his own security as well as the safety of the other gays and lesbians he was going to bring along. Fear has been a constant factor in John's life ever since he was detained and tortured in October 1999..." Homosexuality in Uganda (Radio Netherlands, 2004). - 'My life as a gay Ugandan Christian' (2003). - Interview with Ugandan Lesbian wins Award (2004).
Has Many Homos (2002): "Mukasa said failure to acknowledge that homosexuality
is a reality would deny Ugandans an opportunity to solve a major problem
in mono-sex schools." - Uganda
has no gays, says president (2002, Alternate
Link): "After accepting an award for his government's successful campaign
against AIDS, Uganda's president declared Sunday that his country has no
homosexuals, one of the groups most threatened by the global epidemic."
Scholar Opposes Ugandan Stance on Homosexuality (2001). - Mazrui Attacks Museveni Over Homo Arrests (1999). - Prejudice
in Uganda (2004): "Nonetheless, gays and lesbians in Uganda are fighting to
obtain recognition and acceptance..."
Tamale, Sylvia (2003). Out of the Closet: Unveiling Sexuality Discourses in Uganda. Feminist Africa, 2. Full
The issue of homosexuality took centre stage in Uganda during the month
of February 2003, with the media being dominated by emotive views and
opinions from the public. This wave of homophobia was triggered by a
recommendation emanating from a section of the women's movement that
urged the proposed Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) to address the
rights of homosexuals as members of the category of marginalised social
groups in Uganda.  The newspaper report that activated much of the
homophobic furore was entitled "Makerere [University] Don Defends
Gays."  I had come out strongly in support of homosexuals and
articulated my position in the national and international media. For
this reason, I was caught in the eye of the homophobic storm, and
became a "punching bag" for the public to relieve its pent-up rage. It
is impossible to describe the depth of the ugliness, rage, revulsion,
disgust and malevolence exhibited by the vocal homophobic public. The
few voices in support of homosexual rights were drowned out by
deafening homophobic outcries...
Flames of Namugongo: Postcoloniality Meets Queer on African Soil?
by Kenneth Hamilton: Presented to the American Academy of Religion, "Gay
Men's Issues," Toronto, Canada, November 22, 2002: "The story of the 1886
martyrdom of Charles Lwanga and his companions takes me to the intersection
of diaspora studies, queer theory, critical race theory, performance studies,
and radical Catholic historiography. It is the founding missionary narrative
of Christianity in Uganda, East Africa which equates that founding with
the uprooting of same sex practice on the "Dark Continent." It raises suspicions
around the demonization of "darkness", which includes "Africa", African
male same sex, African traditional religions and Islam, African masculinity,
and the feminized African land. Moreover, the sublimation of this narrative
into Roman Catholic canonization further defines same sex desire as that
which is not Christian and not Ugandan..."
Kajubi P, Kamya MR, Raymond HF, Chen S, Rutherford GW, Mandel JS, McFarland W (2008). Gay and bisexual men in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS and Behavior, 12(3): 492-504. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.
HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects gay and bisexual men around the
world; however, little is known about this population in sub-Saharan
Africa. We conducted a respondent-driven sampling survey of gay and
bisexual men in Kampala, Uganda (N = 224). Overall, 61% reported
themselves as "gay" and 39% as "bisexual". Gay and bisexual men were
92% Ugandan; 37% had unprotected receptive anal sex in the last six
months, 27% were paid for sex, 18% paid for sex, 11% had history of
urethral discharge. Perception that gay and bisexual men are at risk
for HIV infection was low.
Hollander, Michael (2009). Gay Rights in Uganda: Seeking to Overturn Uganda’s Anti-Sodomy Laws. Virginia Journal of International Law Association, 50(1): 219-266. PDF Download.
This Note presents a comprehensive legal argument for overturning these
anti-sodomy laws using both a national constitutional framework and an
international framework that includes treaties, other international
agreements, and a developing international consensus that persecution
of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI) individuals
is a human rights violation. Like their statutory counterparts in the
United States prior to the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Lawrence v. Texas,
the Ugandan antisodomy laws are rarely, if ever, enforced. In fact,
they are enforced so rarely that interviews with activists in the LGBTI
community reveal that a constitutional challenge to such a law is not a
current priority of the movement. As Victor Mukasa, an outspoken gay
rights activist and transgender Ugandan, said, these laws are “not even
on the radar right now; we just want to live in peace.”6 Why, then,
attack these laws? What purpose will it serve to attack a set of laws
that are never enforced and therefore not used to directly harass or to violate the rights of the LGBTI community? ...
Nyanzi, Stella (2010). Politicising 'the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah': Examining Christian Rightists' war against homosexuality in Uganda. Draft Concept Paper prepared for the The Makerere Institute of Social Research (MISR), Uganda. PDF Download.
The Anti-Homosexuality Bill (2009) proposes to re-criminalise same-sex
relations in Uganda with punishments ranging from monetary fines, to
periods of detention, mandatory testing for HIV and even the death
penalty for "aggravated homosexuality". The main proponents of this
bill are fundamental conservative Christians including clergy,
politicians and elite professionals. Their strategies are initiated,
informed, and influenced by American Christian Right authorities and
ideologies based on interpretations of biblical scripture against
same-sex practices. This research will critically examine the effects
of the politicisation of the literary construction of homosexuality as
'the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah' based on biblical scriptures, upon
local individuals who identify as sexual minorities in Uganda...
ScotMUN 2011: Human Rights Council: Position Papers: The Rights to Asylum for Homosexuals: Uganda:
Over the past years, the topic of homosexuality and whether asylum
should be offered to those suffering from it has become a top priority
for human rights activists, especially regarding Uganda's laws and
procedures towards it. It is Uganda's belief that this should not be
the case and that we should be allowed to proceed as we wish to as a
sovereign country. As it is, Section 40 of the Ugandan penal code
penalizes the "carnal knowledge of any person against the order of
nature" with imprisonment of up to 14 years. We believe this to be
right because homosexuality should be punished - it is not natural and
therefore should not be condoned. ... By following Section 40 of the
penal code and trying to introduce the Anti-Homosexuality Bill
(otherwise known as the Bahati Bill), Uganda is simply trying to make
the country safer for its population. The Anti-Homosexuality Bill,
proposed in October 2009, is attempting to introduce the death penalty
for people suspected of aggravated homosexuality - that is,
homosexuality that has proved to be a threat to society. This means
homosexuals would be tested for HIV, and if they were positive and
still proved to be a threat, they would be prosecuted. The bills main
aim is to provide a 'comprehensive and enhanced legislation to protect
the cherished culture of [our] people... legal, religious and
traditional family values of [our] people... against the attempts of
sexual rights activists seeking to impose their values on sexual
promiscuity..." Homosexuals are a threat to Ugandan society, especially
as it has been proven that they are more likely to be criminals or
The Rape of Men
(2011): I've come to Kampala to hear the stories of the few brave men
who have agreed to speak to me: a rare opportunity to find out about a
controversial and deeply taboo issue. In Uganda, survivors are at risk
of arrest by police, as they are likely to assume that they're gay – a
crime in this country and in 38 of the 53 African nations. They will
probably be ostracised by friends, rejected by family and turned away
by the UN and the myriad international NGOs that are equipped, trained
and ready to help women. They are wounded, isolated and in danger. In
the words of Owiny: "They are despised." But they are willing to talk,
thanks largely to the RLP's British director, Dr Chris Dolan. Dolan
first heard of wartime sexual violence against men in the late 1990s
while researching his PhD in northern Uganda, and he sensed that the
problem might be dramatically underestimated. Keen to gain a fuller
grasp of its depth and nature, he put up posters throughout Kampala in
June 2009 announcing a "workshop" on the issue in a local school. On
the day, 150 men arrived. In a burst of candour, one attendee admitted:
"It's happened to all of us here." It soon became known among Uganda's
200,000-strong refugee population that the RLP were helping men who had
been raped during conflict. Slowly, more victims began to come forward..
Behind the Mask - A Web Site on Gay and Lesbian Affairs in Africa. - Africa by Country: Uganda Information. Uganda Archive. - African Veil: Countries Covered: Uganda. - Queer afrol. - Afrol News; Gay/Lesbian Archives. - theGully.com news & Articles: Africa.
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