# UofC

Search Calendar:

The official academic calendar is transitioning to a new software platform and will be in effect for the 2024/2025 Academic Calendar. Please click here to view a prototype version.

 Welcome Important Notice and Disclaimer Academic Schedule Types of Credentials and Sub-Degree Nomenclature Undergraduate Degrees with a Major Combined Degrees Minor Programs Student and Campus Services Admissions Academic Regulations Experiential Learning Tuition and General Fees Student Financial Support Architecture, Planning and Landscape, School of Faculty of Arts Cumming School of Medicine Faculty of Graduate Studies Haskayne School of Business Faculty of Kinesiology Faculty of Law Faculty of Nursing Qatar Faculty Schulich School of Engineering Faculty of Science Faculty of Social Work Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Werklund School of Education Embedded Certificates Continuing Education COURSES OF INSTRUCTION How to Use Courses of Instruction by Faculty Course Descriptions A B C D E F G H I J, K L M N, O P Q R S School of Creative and Performing Arts SCPA Science SCIE Slavic SLAV Social Work SOWK Sociology SOCI Software Engineering SENG Software Engineering for Engineers ENSF South Asian Studies SAST Space Physics SPPH Spanish SPAN Statistics STAT Strategic Studies STST Strategy and Global Management SGMA Supply Chain Management SCMA Sustainability Studies SUST Sustainable Energy Development SEDV Sustainable Systems Engineering SUSE T, U V, W, Z About the University of Calgary Glossary of Terms Archives Contact Us

Statistics STAT

Junior Courses
 Statistics 205 Introduction to Statistical Inquiry
The systematic progression of statistical principles needed to conduct a statistical investigation culminating in parameter estimation, hypothesis testing, statistical modelling, and design of experiments.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):
One of Mathematics 30-1, 30-2, 212 or Mathematics 2 (offered by Continuing Education).
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 205 and any one of Statistics 213, 217, or 327 will not be allowed. Students may not register in, or have credit for, Statistics 205 if they have previous credit for one of Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319 or are concurrently enrolled in Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319.
 Statistics 207 Introduction to Statistical Enquiry for Data Scientists
An introductory course in statistical literacy. Data collection methodology and import. Data properties trending to the probability modelling of data and computation with R. Relative risk and Odds Ratios. Statistical sampling theory applied to parameter estimation and the testing of statistical hypotheses. Testing of single and multi-populations. Regression and Design and analysis of experiments with R. Simulation based inference.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):
One of Mathematics 30-1, 30-2, 212 or Mathematics 2 (offered by Continuing Education).
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 207 and any one of Statistics 205, 213, 217, or 327 will not be allowed. Students may not register in, or have credit for, Statistics 207 if they have previous credit for one of Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319 or are concurrently enrolled in Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319.
 Statistics 213 Introduction to Statistics I
Introduction to probability, including Bayes' law, expectations and distributions. Discrete and continuous random variables, including properties of the normal curve. Collection and visual display of single and multi-dimensional data. Introduction to statistical modelling and estimation. Parametric and simulation-based confidence interval estimation.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
One of Mathematics 30-1, 212 or Mathematics 2 (offered by Continuing Education).
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 213 and either Statistics 205 or 327 will not be allowed. Not available to students who have previous credit for one of Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319 or are concurrently enrolled in Statistics 321 or Engineering 319.
 Statistics 217 Introduction to Statistics II
Parametric and simulation-based hypothesis testing, and associated errors. Confidence intervals and hypothesis testing for differences between two parameters, both parametric and simulation-based. Tests of association and goodness-of-fit. Statistical modelling and parametric testing of both the simple and multiple-model. Diagnostic checking. Analysis of variance.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1)
Prerequisite(s):

Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 217 and either Statistics 205 or 327 will not be allowed. Not available to students who have previous credit for one of Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319 or are concurrently enrolled in Statistics 321 or Engineering 319.
Senior Courses
 Statistics 321 Introduction to Probability
A calculus-based introduction to probability theory and applications. Elements of probabilistic modelling, Basic probability computation techniques, Discrete and continuous random variables and distributions, Functions of random variables, Expectation and variance, Multivariate random variables, Conditional distributions, Covariance, Conditional expectation, Central Limit Theorem, Applications to real-world modelling.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):

Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 321 and Engineering 319 will not be allowed.
Notes:
Statistics 205, 213, 217, and 327 are not available to students who have previous credit for one of Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319 or are concurrently enrolled in Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319.
 Statistics 323 Introduction to Theoretical Statistics
Statistics and their distributions. Introduction to statistical inference through point estimation and confidence interval estimation of a population parameter. Properties of statistics including unbiasedness and consistency in estimation. Single parameter hypothesis testing, Type I and Type II Error. Multi-parameter estimation through confidence interval estimation and hypothesis testing. The analysis of bivariate data through simple linear regression, including inferences on the parameters of the linear model and the analysis of variance. Chi-square test of independence and goodness of fit test.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):

Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 323 and Data Science 305 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 327 Statistics for the Physical and Environmental Sciences
Introduction to the collection of data. Probability and probability distributions. Single and Multi-sample estimation of distribution parameters. Regression and Goodness of Fit tests. Experimental Design and Analysis of Variance.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
3 units from Mathematics 249, 265 or 275.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 327 and any one of Statistics 205, 213 or 217 will not be allowed.
Notes:
Statistics 327 is not available to students who have previous credit for one of Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319 or are concurrently enrolled in Statistics 321, Engineering 319 or Digital Engineering 319.
 Statistics 407 Introduction to Stochastic Processes
Markov chains. Limit distributions for ergodic and absorbing chains. Classification of states, irreducibility. The Poisson process and its generalizations. Continuous-time Markov chains. Brownian motion and stationary processes. Renewal theory.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):

Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 407 and either 507 or Mathematics 585 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 421 Mathematical Statistics
An advanced examination of core concepts in mathematical statistics, including the multivariate normal distribution, limit distributions, sufficient statistics, completeness of families of distributions, exponential families, likelihood ratio tests, chi-square tests, and the analysis of variance. Additional topics and examples relating to sequential tests, non-parametric methods, Bayesian statistical modelling, and the general linear model may also be explored.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):

 Statistics 423 Statistical Analysis of Sample Survey
Introduction to questionnaire design of sample surveys. Treatment of the various sampling methodologies used in population parameter estimation. Ratio and regression estimation. Sampling weights and variance estimation of statistics. Estimation of population size and density. Non-response.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
3 units from Statistics 217, 323, 327, Data Science 305, Engineering 319, Digital Engineering 319, Psychology 300, 301, 312, or Sociology 311.
 Statistics 425 Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments
Introduction to the design of experiments and the statistical analysis of data. Analysis of variance in the response variable and adequacy of the model. Multiple comparison methods. Extensions to completely randomized block, latin-squares, and factorial experimental design. Introduction to nested and split-plot design, with emphasis on statistical software usage.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
3 units from Statistics 217, 323, 327, Data Science 305, Engineering 319, Digital Engineering 319, Psychology 300, 301, 312, or Sociology 311.
 Statistics 429 Linear Models and Their Applications
Multiple linear regression model, parameter estimation, simultaneous confidence intervals and general linear hypothesis testing. Residual analysis and outliers. Model selection: best regression, stepwise regression algorithms. Transformation of variables and non-linear regression. Applications to forecasting. Variable selection in high-dimensional data using linear regression. Computer analysis of practical real world data.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):

 Statistics 431 Introduction to Biostatistics
Fundamental topics in biostatistics, including descriptive statistics, graphical presentation of data, analysis of variance (ANOVA), study designs, contingency tables, measures of association, tests of significance, categorical data analysis, regression, time to event data analysis.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):

 Statistics 505 Time Series Analysis
An introduction to the theory and tools to conduct time series analysis, with the emphasis on modelling and forecasting using a software. Stationarity, white noise, autocorrelation, partial autocorrelation, and linear predictor. Stationary ARIMA models, seasonality and trends. Model fitting, diagnostics and forecasting. Additional topics may include state space models, spectral analysis of time series, and GARCH models.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):

 Statistics 517 Practice of Statistics
A capstone course intended for students in their final year of study. The emphasis is on how to address real world scientific and social issues by applying the various statistical methods acquired in the earlier years in a unified and appropriate way. This involves method selection, data handling, statistical computing, consulting, report writing and oral presentation, team work, and ethics.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
6 units from Statistics 423, 425, 429 and 505.
 Statistics 519 Bayesian Statistics
Fundamentals of Bayesian inference, single and multiparameter models, hierarchical models, regression models, generalized linear models, advanced computational methods, Markov chain Monte Carlo.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Statistics 323; and Mathematics 267 or 277.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 519 and 619 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 523 Non-parametric Statistics
Non-parametric estimation and tests of hypotheses. Distribution-free tests. Asymptotic Theory. Re-sampling method and density estimation.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):

 Statistics 525 Applied Multivariate Analysis
Normal distribution. Statistical inference: confidence regions, hypothesis tests, analysis of variance, simultaneous confidence intervals. Multivariate statistical methods; principal components, factor analysis, discriminant analysis and classification, canonical correlation analysis, cluster analysis.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):

Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 525 and 625 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 529 Special Topics in Applied Statistics
Study in advanced topics that may include reading projects, seminars, lectures, term papers and other aspects of training in theory or research methodology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
 Statistics 531 Monte Carlo Methods and Statistical Computing
Introduction to statistical computing; random numbers generation; Monte Carlo methods (variance reduction technique; computation of definite integrals); Optimizations; Numerical integrations.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
Statistics 323; and Mathematics 267 or 277.
 Statistics 533 Survival Models
Nature and properties of survival models; methods of estimating tabular models from both complete and incomplete data samples including actuarial, moment and maximum likelihood techniques; estimations of life tables from general population data; Kaplan-Meier estimator and Nelson-Allan estimator; the accelerated failure time model; the Cox proportional hazards model; model building and high-dimensional survival data analysis.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):

Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 533 and either 633 or 433 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 541 Categorical Data Analysis
Description and inference for binomial and multinomial observations using proportions and odds ratios; multi-way contingency tables; generalized linear models for discrete data; logistic regression for binary responses; multi-category logit models for nominal and ordinal responses; loglinear models, and inference for matched-pairs and correlated clustered data.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):

 Statistics 543 Statistical Learning
Introduction and linear regression; classification; regularization; model assessment and selection; support vector machines; unsupervised learning; tree-based methods; additional topics selected by course instructor.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):

Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 543 and 641 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 600 Research Seminar
A professional skills course, focusing on the development of technical proficiencies that are essential for students to succeed in their future careers as practicing statistician in academia, government, or industry. The emphasis is on delivering professional presentations and using modern statistical research tools. A high level of active student participation is required.
Course Hours:
1.5 units; (3S-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
Also known as:
(formerly Statistics 621)
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
NOT INCLUDED IN GPA
 Statistics 601 Topics in Probability and Statistics
The content of this course is decided from year-to-year in accordance with graduate student interest and instructor availability. Topics include but are not restricted to: Advanced Design of Experiments, Weak and Strong Approximation Theory, Asymptotic Statistical Methods, the Bootstrap and its Applications, Generalized Additive Models, Order Statistics and their Applications, Robust Statistics, Statistics for Spatial Data, Statistical Process Control, Time Series Models.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
 Statistics 603 Applied Statistics for Nursing Research
Descriptive statistics; probability theory; statistical estimation/inference; power analysis; regression analysis; anova; logistic regression analysis; non-parametric tests; factor analysis; discriminant analysis; Cox's Proportional Hazard Model.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
Also known as:
(formerly Statistics 601.14)
 Statistics 619 Bayesian Statistics
Fundamentals of Bayesian inference, single and multiparameter models, hierarchical models, regression models, generalized linear models, advanced computational methods, Markov chain Monte Carlo.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 619 and 519 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 625 Multivariate Analysis
Normal distribution. Statistical inference: confidence regions, hypothesis tests, analysis of variance, simultaneous confidence intervals. Principal components. Factor Analysis. Discrimination and classification. Canonical correlation analysis.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 625 and 525 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 631 Computational Statistics
Unconstrained optimization methods, simulation and random number generation, Bayesian inference and Monte Carlo methods, Markov chain Monte Carlo, non-parametric inference, classical inference and other topics. An emphasis will be placed on computational implementation of algorithms.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
 Statistics 633 Survival Models
Advanced topics in survival models such as the product limit estimator, the cox proportional hazards model, time-dependent covariates, types of censorship.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 633 and 533 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 635 Generalized Linear Models
Exponential family of distributions, binary data models, loglinear models, overdispersion, quasi-likelihood methods, generalized additive models, longitudinal data and generalized estimating equations, model adequacy checks.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
 Statistics 637 Non-linear Regression
Topics include but are not restricted to selections from: linear approximations; model specification; various iterative techniques; assessing fit; multiresponse parameter estimation; models defined by systems of differential equations; graphical summaries of inference regions; curvature measures.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
 Statistics 641 Statistical Learning
Introduction and Linear Regression; Classification; Regularization; Model Assessment and Selection; Support Vector Machines; Unsupervised Learning; Tree-Based Methods; Other Topics (e.g., Neural Networks, Graphical Models, High-Dimensional Data).
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Statistics 641 and 543 will not be allowed.
 Statistics 701 Theory of Probability I
Probability spaces, integration, expected value, laws of large numbers, weak convergence, characteristic functions, central limit theorems, limit theorems in Rd, conditional expectation, introduction to martingales.

Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
 Statistics 703 Theory of Probability II
Stopping times, renewal theory, martingales, almost sure convergence, Radon-Nikodym derivatives, Doob’s inequality, square integrable martingales, uniform integrability, Markov chains, stationary measure, Birkhoff’s Ergodic Theorem, Brownian motion, stopping times, hitting times, Donsker’s Theorem, Brownian bridge, laws of the iterated logarithm.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Statistics 701 and admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.
 Statistics 721 Statistical Inference
Statistical models, likelihoods, maximum likelihood estimators, likelihood ratio, Wald and score tests, confidence intervals, bounds and regions, Bayesian estimation and testing, basic large sample theory, estimating equations, jackknife, bootstrap and permutation.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Admission to a graduate program in Mathematics and Statistics or consent of the Department.