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University of Calgary Calendar 2023-2024 COURSES OF INSTRUCTION Course Descriptions B Biology BIOL
Biology BIOL

For more information about these courses see the Department of Biological Sciences: science.ucalgary.ca/biological-sciences.

Junior Courses
Biology 202       The Science of Food, Cooking and Eating
Introduction to a scientific understanding of food and cooking using principles from a range of biological sciences, including biochemistry, molecular biology, microbiology, immunology, physiology and ecology. Topics include: building blocks of food, molecular-level understanding of recipes, biochemical reactions of cooking, microbiology of food production, physiology of sensory apparatus, food-related diseases, and industrialized food production.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Antirequisite(s):
Not open for registration to Honours, Majors or Minors in the Department of Biological Sciences, or to Natural Sciences program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to Neuroscience program students.
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Biology 205       The Organization and Diversity of Life
A study of biological concepts and mechanisms illustrated by current examples of medical and environmental problems.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Antirequisite(s):
Not open for registration to Honours, Majors or Minors in the Department of Biological Sciences or to Natural Sciences program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to Environmental Science program students, or to Neuroscience program students. Credit for Biology 205 and either 241 or 243 will not be allowed.
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Biology 212       Biological Ways of Thinking
An exploration course that is designed to build up knowledge and bridge gaps in biology to prepare students for further study in biology and to meet the biology requirements for their program of study. This course parallels elements from high school biology and introductory university biology with Indigenous Ways of Knowing.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 20 and admission to an Indigenous Pathway program.
Notes:
Not included in the Field of Biology.
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Biology 241       Energy Flow in Biological Systems
An introduction to the energetics of life from molecules through ecosystems. Topics include: energy in biological systems; how different organisms obtain, store and use energy; energy budgets of organisms; and energy flow through cells and ecosystems.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 30 or 212 and Chemistry 30 or 212.
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Biology 243       DNA, Inheritance and Evolution
An introduction to central concepts in evolution and DNA as a vehicle for inheritance of genetic information. Topics include: the nature of genetic information and inheritance including transcription, translation and replication; natural selection and speciation; origin and history of biodiversity.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 241.
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Biology 297       Topics in Biology
Lectures and study in biological sciences.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0) or (3-1T)
Antirequisite(s):
Not open for credit to Honours, Majors or Minors in the Department of Biological Sciences or to Natural Sciences program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences.
Notes:
This course is not part of the Field of Biological Sciences.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT 
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Senior Courses
Biology 305       The Human Organism
An introduction to human biology that analyzes the structure and function of systems in our bodies. Leads to an appreciation of how the human body maintains itself and carries out the functions necessary to sustain any organism. A course for non-majors that will develop their understanding of the anatomy and physiology of their own species in a zoological and evolutionary context.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
One of Biology 30, 205, 212 or 241.
Antirequisite(s):
Not open for registration to Honours, Majors and Minors in the Department of Biological Sciences or to Natural Sciences program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to Neuroscience program students. Credit for Biology 305 and any of Kinesiology 259, 260, Medical Science 404, Zoology 269, 461 or 463 will not be allowed.
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Biology 307       Ecology and Human Affairs
The major principles of ecology. How the physical environment affects organisms; behavioural ecology and life histories; species interactions; the biology of populations, communities, and ecosystems; biodiversity and conservation. The non-biologists will gain an understanding of ecological and evolutionary principles that will allow them to better appreciate the natural world, and the increasing environmental impacts of humans.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
24 units.
Antirequisite(s):
Not open for registration to Honours, Majors and Minors in the Department of Biological Sciences or to Natural Sciences program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to Environmental Sciences program students, or to Neuroscience program students.
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Biology 309       Plants and People
A review of the structure and function of plants. A survey of the nature of people's basic food plants and an overview of agricultural and forestry practices. Plant improvement by traditional and modern methods, and plant propagation.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 205 or 241.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Biology 309 and Botany 309 will not be allowed. Not open for registration to Honours, Majors and Minors in the Department of Biological Sciences or to Natural Sciences program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to Environmental Science program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to  Neuroscience program students.
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Biology 311       Principles of Genetics
Topics will include Mendelian inheritance, allelic relationships, genetic linkage, sex linkage, changes in chromosome structure, segregation and recombination, epistasis, molecular genetics, genetics of bacteria and viruses, gene fine structure, gene function, complementation, bioinformatics and regulation of gene expression. Several selected organisms will be used in the laboratories to illustrate pertinent genetic principles.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 241 and 243.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Biology 311 and Medical Science 341 will not be allowed
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Biology 313       Principles of Ecology
The ecological principles, theories and interactions of organisms at individual, population, community and ecosystem levels will be explored. Ecological principles will be applied to examine current issues involving conservation of species, habitats, biodiversity and ecosystem function.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 241 and 243.
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Biology 315       Quantitative Biology I
Data collection, presentation and analysis in the biological sciences. Basic design of biological experiments including concepts of control, replication, and interspersion. Analysis of biological data will include tests of statistical hypotheses and estimation techniques.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 241 and 243.
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Biology 331       Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Biology
The principles of cellular structure and function. Molecular organization of membranes, organelles, nucleus and cytoplasmic structures; the integration of cellular functions; assembly of organelles; the regulation of cell proliferation; and the interaction of cells with their neighbours and their environment.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 311.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Biology 331 and Medical Science 351 will not be allowed.
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Biology 371       Comparative Biology of Plants and Animals
An exploration of how multicellular organisms meet the challenges of living, both as individuals, and in an evolutionary context. Parallels and divergence between plants and animals are illustrated in their responses to the challenges they face, with the water-to-land transition forming a central theme in shaping the form and function of plant and animal life.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 241 and 243.
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Biology 375       Insects, Science and Society
Examination of insects as the most diverse and abundant form of animal life on the planet, why they are so successful and how they influence our lives. Topics include how insects are built, what they do, and how they interact with people and have come to be so important economically and culturally, as pests, pollinators, experimental animals, maintaining our environment and forming complex societies. Other topics include evolution of insects, insects in history and culture and how insects can help us address issues such as biological conservation, climate change and animal rights.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
24 units.
Antirequisite(s):
Not open for registration to honours, majors or minors in the Department of Biological Sciences or to Environmental Science program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to Natural Sciences program students with a Concentration in Biological Sciences, or to Neuroscience program students.    
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Biology 401       Evolutionary Biology
An introduction to the micro- and macro-evolutionary processes responsible for the diversity of organisms. Topics include heredity, genetic variation, population structure, genetic drift, natural selection and adaptation, sexual selection, evolution of interactions between species, speciation, phylogeny and biogeography.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 313 and 315.
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Biology 435       Biology of Fungi
Morphology, life history patterns and systematics of fungi. Fungal ecology including fungi as parasites, symbionts and decomposers. Basic molecular biology, genetics and physiology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 313 and 331.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Biology 435 and 335 will not be allowed.
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Biology 451       Conservation Biology
The application of ecological theory and principles to the conservation and management of natural and modified ecosystems, with emphasis on preservation of biodiversity and sustainable development. Topics include disturbance as an ecological process, ecological and evolutionary responsiveness of natural systems, ecology of resource harvesting, management of endangered habitats and populations, implications of human population growth and global change.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-1T)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 313.
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Biology 453       Plants in their Environment
An integration of physiological and ecological aspects of plant adaptation to different environments. Topics include interactions between plants and other organisms (e.g., bacterial and fungal symbionts, animal pollinators, herbivores) as well as the influence of abiotic stressors on plant growth and distribution. The ecological consequences and possible applications of such interactions are discussed.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 313; and 3 units from Botany 303, Biology 371 or Plant Biology 403.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Biology 453 and 351 will not be allowed.
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Biology 501       Principles and Mechanism of Pharmacology
Basic principles of pharmacology, with emphasis on mechanisms of drug action and receptor signaling. The application of pharmacological principles in the treatment of disease will also be explored.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Biochemistry 341 or 393; and Zoology 463 or Medical Science 404.
Also known as:
(Medical Science 501)
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Biology 503       Pharmacology of Organ Systems
Through analysis and discussion of research literature, this course explores topics in pharmacology including the nervous, cardiovascular, renal, respiratory and immune systems, as well as anti-cancer therapies.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 501 (Medical Science 501).
Also known as:
(Medical Science 503)
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Biology 505       Medicinal Plant Biochemistry
Deals with biochemical, molecular, and cellular aspects of plant metabolism, natural product diversity in the plant kingdom, and modern molecular and biochemical methods to understand plant metabolism. The focus is on the metabolic pathways that are either unique to plants, or that exhibit unique features in, plants. Several key plant pathways that produce plant-derived medicines will be discussed.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Biology 331; and Biochemistry 341 or 393.
Antirequisite(s):
Credit for Biology 505 and Botany 503 will not be allowed.
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Biology  507       Directed Research in Biological Sciences

Directed training in field/laboratory methods and research.

507.01 Directed Research in Biological Sciences I
507.02 Directed Research in Biological Sciences II


Course Hours:
3 units; (0-8)
Prerequisite(s):
54 units and consent of the Department.
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Biology  509       Advanced Topics in Biological Sciences
Study in advanced topics that may include reading projects, seminars, lectures, term papers and other aspects of training in theory or research methodology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
54 units and consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Biology 515       Cellular Mechanisms of Disease
The cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying basic human disease processes and how these can be influenced by lifestyle and environmental factors. The ways in which this knowledge can be used in the laboratory diagnosis of disease.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Biochemistry 341 or 393; and Biology 331 or Medical Science 351.
Also known as:
(Medical Science 515)
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Biology 520       Field Course in Tropical Biology
An examination of biodiversity in a selected region of the tropics, including aspects of ecology of animals and plants, animal behaviour and an introduction to field techniques for observing and censusing selected taxa. Field studies will take place at diverse habitats with consideration of community-based conservation efforts.
Course Hours:
6 units; (3-3) or (3-2)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
Notes:
A supplementary fee will be assessed to cover additional costs associated with this course.
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Biology  528       Research Project in Biological Sciences
Research project under the co/supervision of faculty members in the Department of Biological Sciences. Original and independent thought, practical research, and written and oral reports presented on completion of this course.
Course Hours:
6 units; (0-8)
Prerequisite(s):
72 units and consent of the Department.
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Biology 530       Honours Research Project in Biological Sciences
Research project under the co/supervision of faculty members in the Department of Biological Sciences. Original and independent thought, practical research, and written and oral reports presented on completion of this course. Open only to Honours Biological Sciences students.
Course Hours:
6 units; (0-8)
Prerequisite(s):
72 units and consent of the Department.
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Biology 591       Invertebrate Biodiversity
Field course in the natural history and classification of invertebrates as they are encountered in their natural habitat. Course material will include: techniques for collection and identification of major groups of invertebrates; aspects of behaviour and ecology of local species; use of invertebrates as indicators of environmental change; censusing/monitoring invertebrates populations.
Course Hours:
3 units; (1-5) or (1-4)
Prerequisite(s):
3 units from Zoology 375, 401 or 435.
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Graduate Courses

Enrolment in any graduate course requires consent of the Department.

Only when appropriate to a student's program may graduate credit be received for courses numbered 500-599.

600-level courses are available with permission to undergraduate students in the final year of their program.

Biology 601       Research Seminar

Reports on studies of the literature or of current research. Graduate students normally register in their supervisor's research cluster.

601.01. Biochemistry I

601.02. Biochemistry II

601.03. Integrative Cell Biology I

601.04. Integrative Cell Biology II

601.05. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology I

601.06. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology II

601.11. Microbiology I

601.12. Microbiology II


Course Hours:
3 units; (1S-0)
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
NOT INCLUDED IN GPA
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Biology 607       Independent Study
Independent research or reading project that may include seminars, term papers and training in theoretical and/or laboratory methods.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0) or (0-6)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Biology 609       Advanced Statistical Applications in Biology
Explains and demonstrates the analysis of biological data with general linear models, generalized linear models, maximum-likelihood fitting of non-linear models, and resampling techniques. Content is presented in a workshop format, so that students learn the application of computer analysis coincidentally with statistical concepts.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Ecology 425 or consent of the Department.
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Biology 617       Darwin’s Origin of Species
An examination of the first edition of Charles Darwin's “On the Origin of Species” and related writings. Students will lead discussions of scientific, philosophical, and other issues raised by the book.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
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Biology 619       Advanced Evolutionary Biology
The theory of organic evolution. Historical development of evolutionary ideas. Darwin's contribution. The mechanism of natural selection; sexual, kin and group selection. The application of the theory in biogeography, ecology, ethology and other areas of biology.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0)
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Biology 633       Special Topics
Topics may include genomics, biotechnology, biochemistry, cell biology, development and evolutionary biology. Emphasis is on technical advances and their application to research.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-3 or 3-0)
Prerequisite(s):
Consent of the Department.
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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Biology 703       Recent Advances in Biology
Lectures, seminars and/or laboratories on special advanced topics in biological sciences. Each student should seek consent of a departmental faculty member who will supervise the chosen study.
Course Hours:
3 units; (3-0) or (0-6)
MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
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