African Sexual Minorities & Gender Variant Resources
Homosexuality - Gay - Lesbian - Bisexual - Transgender - Transsexual - Same-Sex Sex
& Guinea Bissau
To: Map of Africa
- Gambia’s President declares war on gay community (2008, Alternate Link):
Gay men and lesbians must leave the country within 24 hours or face
“serious consequences,” the President of Gambia said on Thursday. - Gambia gay death threat condemned (2008): Gay rights activists have condemned Gambian President Yahya Jammeh's threat to behead homosexuals.. - UK updates travel advice for the Gambia (2008, Alternate Link):
British tourists in the Gambia are being advised that the government
there is “actively enforcing” laws against gay people. A Foreign and
Commonwealth Office spokesperson told PinkNews.co.uk that their advice
was updated today. Two Spanish men have been taken into custody by
police in the Gambia after being accused of trying to solicit sex from
male taxi drivers.The EU nationals were arrested on Friday after complaints from the drivers and remain in prison..
Md. man fights deportation to Gambia (2004):
It is no simple feat to obtain a student visa and an airline flight in
one month’s time. But at the point Yorro Kuyateh fled his native Gambia
for the United States, the impossible seemed easier to face than what
he said is the inevitable: a lifetime of periodic imprisonment and
vicious beatings for his political beliefs and his homosexuality. - Men who have sex with men in Burkina Faso, Senegal, and The Gambia: The multi-country HIV/AIDS program approach (2004). - Imam
calls for fight against homosexuality (2003). - Believing
AIDS is Real
(2003): In addition to those motives for being interested in working in
the HIV/AIDS field, there were the more personal reasons. There was the
issue of being gay... My work in The Gambia gave me the opportunity to
see the epidemic from a different perspective. It put me in a place
where the reality of the epidemic was still not understood. I was lucky
to have the foresight when I worked in the Gambian villages that if
people weren’t educated early on about the dangers and consequences of
this disease, then communities there and around the world would
continue to be unnecessarily hurt.
Resources: - Behind the Mask - A Web Site on Gay and Lesbian Affairs in Africa. - Africa by Country: Gambia. Gambia Archive. - African Veil: Countries Covered: Gambia. - Queer afrol. - Afrol News; Gay/Lesbian Archives. - theGully.com news & Articles: Africa.Global Gayz: Africa: Gambia News Reports from 2002 to the Present. - ILGA: Africa: Gambia. - LGBT rights in the Gambia. - Sodomy Laws: Gambia. - Human Rights Watch: Use Search Function. - Amnesty International: Use Search Function. - Pink News: Europe's Largest Gay News Service: Africa. - AsylumLaw.Org: Sexual Minorities & HIV Status: Documents / Reports / Website Links / Organizations. Gambia Individual Documents since 2005. - Links to News Sources for GLBT World. MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Sub-Saharan Africa: - Gambia.
GUINEA / GUINÉE - LGBT rights in Guinea:
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Guinea face
legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and
female same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Guinea.- L´homosexualité en Guinée: Un phénomène inquiétant (Translation).
Rapport 2008 sur les Pratices des Droits de l'Homme en Guinée (2008, Translation):
La discrimination à l’encontre des homosexuels n’est pas
interdite par la loi. Il n’existe aucune loi discriminatoire concernant
les orientations sexuelles. Bien qu’il y ait de profonds tabous
sociaux, religieux et culturels contre l’homosexualité, aucun
cas n’a été officiellement signalé concernant la
discrimination à l’encontre d’homosexuels. .
African Movie about Homosexuality
(1998): Manga and Sori are youngsters about to finish school. In the
evening they meet, "to revise for exams", as they tell their parents.
Actually, they share amorous moments of tenderness in Sori's car, or
outside cafes. With Dakan, the first African movie about homosexuality
, the Guinean actor Mohamad Camara tells a touching and humble love
story, his first feature as a director and scriptwriter. - Coming
out in Africa: Teenagers break the secret of their relationship in Guinea (1998, Alternate Link):
In the film, however, the relationship is never consummated. For Camara
this is a deliberate choice: "I'm not gay myself," says the 39-year-old
director, who is married with two children. "I just felt it was
important for Africans to speak about homosexuality. Maybe it'll help
open the minds of the continent". But, after Dakan was first shown at
Cannes, in May 1997, Camara faced an onslaught from African
journalists. At home, in Guinea, he was cursed by a local imam after
his appearance in a television debate on homosexuality. "I wasn't
surprised," he says. "homosexuality is a dead-end in the African
tradition, a taboo. Especially coming from a Muslim upbringing, like I
do." - 1998 Tampa International Gay and Lesbian Film Festival (1998):
Dakan, the first West African feature film to deal with
homosexuality... Dakan (which translates to destiny) is the story of
two men who, by coming out, disappear and become invisible to their
families and society, because their society has no language which
recognizes their love. Filmed clandestinely in Guinea, Dakan both
challenges the idea that there is a universal gay culture and debunks
the notion that homosexuality is non-existent or foreign to African
societies. In director Mohamed Camara's words: I made this film to pay
tribute to those who express their love in whatever way they feel it,
despite society's efforts to repress it. Dakan (Destiny)
(1997): "This fascinating film. . . . deals with homosexual love in
contemporary Guinea. It allows us to see the dangers in supposing there
can be a universal gay narrative and it is also a charming narrative.".
Legal Status of Homosexuality in Africa (1998):
As for the legal status, the majority of West and East African nations
that have law provisions on homosexuality have forbidden it, with some
notable exceptions. In Guinea (Conakry), for example, where the law
text outlawing homosexuality is not available, its illegality is known
to the gay society. One source told Queer afrol; "Gay Guineans often
told me that one could go to jail if ever caught having sex with
another man." - Behavioral risk factors of HIV infection among patients at the psychiatric clinic: implications for AIDS prevention (1992):
In 1991 a total of 116 consecutive newly registered patients (83%
male), average 30 years, were recruited from the only psychiatric
clinic of the university hospital Donka of Conakry. After informed
consent a standardized questionnaire was administered by the same
physician. Demographic characteristic, drug use, and sexual behavior
were noted. Also blood was collected and sera tested for HIV1/2
antibodies by EIA; reactive sera were confirmed by W.B. Patient
response included 116 heterosexual both male and female with multiple
partners and 15 male patients with at least one antecedent of
Etat du VIH/ Sida en Guinée : Les séropositifs toujours entre stigmatisation et discrimination (2011, Translation):
« La stigmatisation est un processus dynamique de
dévaluation qui discrédite significativement un individu
aux yeux des autres et à ses propres yeux (Parker). La
stigmatisation associée au VIH s'appuie sur des pensées
négatives déjà implantées notamment le
commerce du sexe, la consommation des drogues, l'homosexualité
et la transsexualité et les renforce », a-t-il
Resources: - Behind the Mask - A Web Site on Gay and Lesbian Affairs in Africa. - Africa by Country: Guinea. Guinea Archive. - African Veil: Countries Covered: Guinea. - Queer afrol. - Afrol News; Gay/Lesbian Archives. - theGully.com news & Articles: Africa.Global Gayz: Africa: Guinea News Reports. - ILGA: Africa: Guinea. - LGBT rights in Guinea. - Sodomy Laws. - Human Rights Watch: Use Search Function. - Amnesty International: Use Search Function. - Pink News: Europe's Largest Gay News Service: Africa. - AsylumLaw.Org: Sexual Minorities & HIV Status: Documents / Reports / Website Links / Organizations. Guinea Individual Documents Since 2000. - Links to News Sources for GLBT World.
- LGBT rights in Guinea-Bissau:
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Guinea-Bissau
face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male
and female homosexual acts are legal...
In December 2008, Guinea-Bissau was one of 66 nations to sign a
declaration at the United Nations supporting decriminalization of
homosexuality and transgender identity.
African Same Sex Sexualities & Gender Diversity: Highlights of the second day of the conference "African Same-Sex Sexualities and Gender Diversity"
(2011): It was the first time that research was presented at a
conference about sex between men from Guinea Bissau and about the lives
of lesbian women in Ethiopia. The study from Guinea Bissau showed that
many MSM (men who have sex with men) engage in sex with men and women
as well as in transactional sex, increasing the chances of HIV
Resources: - Behind the Mask - A Web Site on Gay and Lesbian Affairs in Africa. - Africa by Country: Guinea Bissau. Guinea Bissau Archive. - African Veil: Countries Covered: Guinea Bissau. - Queer afrol. - Afrol News; Gay/Lesbian Archives. - theGully.com news & Articles: Africa.Global Gayz: Africa: Guinea Bissau News Reports. - ILGA: Africa: Guinea Bissau. - LGBT rights in Guinea-Bissau. - Sodomy Laws. - Human Rights Watch: Use Search Function. - Amnesty International: Use Search Function. - Pink News: Europe's Largest Gay News Service: Africa. - AsylumLaw.Org: Sexual Minorities & HIV Status: Documents / Reports / Website Links / Organizations. - Links to News Sources for GLBT World.
Searching for Free Papers & Abstracts / Reports / Presentations / Articles on the Internet
Search Engines & Directories: - Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN
Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer
Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.
Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal. - Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. - findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com.
Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers). eScholarship Repository: University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries. - NTUR, National Taiwan University. - Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. - UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory.
Search for Free Articles, Papers or Reports: FindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. - NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere. The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.
Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project
Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.
Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses, Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.