In their Candidacy Requirements, programs will establish what constitutes a “pass” on each examination component (i.e., grade assigned, unanimity of the committee, etc.).
If, for any component related to K.1.4 above, the examination committee requires that a student undertake remedial work, that remedial work must be completed before the student can be admitted to candidacy. Once a student has been admitted to candidacy, s/he cannot be required to undertake additional course work (excluding courses mandated as post-candidacy requirements in program Calendar entries).
A student who fails any component related to K.1.3 and K.1.4 above will be allowed to retake the examination within six months of the failed examination. The second failure of a candidacy component will result in a student being required to withdraw. In the case of failed outcomes, students have the right to appeal. Students must appeal directly to the Faculty of Graduate Studies (see Appeals Against Faculty of Graduate Studies Rulings).