The student must present an approved list of courses completed with passing grades. This list, referred to as the program, must satisfy the following conditions:

A. (a) The program must contain the equivalent of at least 120 units (20.0 full-course equivalents), with at least 72 units (12.0 full-course equivalents) numbered 300 or above.

(b) The GPA for the program must be at least 2.00 and the GPA for courses in the major field must also be at least 2.00.

(c) The program may not contain more than 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalent) "D" or "D+" grades, or more than 6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) in the field with a "D" or "D+" grade.

B. (a) The program may not contain more than 60 units (10.0 full-course equivalent) credits transferred from other institutions.

(b) A maximum of 24 units (4.0 full-course equivalent) transfer credits are allowed in the field.

C. The program must contain:

(a) At least 54 units (9.0 full-course equivalents) from outside the major field, of which at least 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) must be from outside the Faculty of Science. Of these 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents), students must take at least 6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) from the Faculty of Arts. Environmental Science 503 may be counted among the 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalent) from other Faculties. A list of recommended courses is available at ucalgary.ca/ensc/academicadvice.

(b) Environmental Science 401, 501, 502, 503,

(c) Biology 241, 243, 313, Ecology 417, 419,

(d) specific Science and Arts courses, depending on the area of concentration chosen by the student.

The entire 120 units (20.0 full-course equivalents), including the courses in Science and Arts specific to each concentration, are as follows:

**Concentration in Biological Sciences**

21 units (3.5 full-course equivalents) - Biology 241, 243, 311, 313, 315, 331, and 371

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Biochemistry 393

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Option from the Field of Biological Sciences^{2}

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Ecology 417, 419 and 425

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Chemistry 201 or 211 and 203 or 213

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Chemistry 311, 315, 351, 353 and one of 321 or 515

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 249 or 265 or 275 and Mathematics 211 or 213 or 267 or 277

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Physics 211 or 221 and 223 or Geology 201 and 202 or 203

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Geography 211 or Geology 201

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Geography 415^{1}

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Environmental Science 401, 501, 502 and 503

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Options from Faculties other than the Faculty of Science, as noted in 4.6.1.1C (a)^{2}

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Options from the Faculty of Arts^{2}

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Options

^{1}Environmental Science students may contact the Department of Geography for consent to register in this course.

^{2}See ucalgary.ca/ensc/academicadvice for a list of recommended courses.

**Concentration in Chemistry**

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Biology 241, 243, 313, Ecology 417 and 419

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Chemistry 201 or 211 and 203 or 213

33 units (5.5 full-course equivalents) - Chemistry 311, 315, 321, 331, 333 or 373, 351, 353 or 355, 371, 423 or 425, 515, 521 or 541

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Option from the field of Chemistry

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Statistics 327

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Geology 201

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 249 or 265 or 275; Mathematics 267 or 277

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Physics 211 or 221 and 223 and 323

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Environmental Science 401, 501, 502 and 503

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Options from Faculties other than the Faculty of Science, as noted in 4.6.1.1C (a)^{1}

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Options from the Faculty of Arts^{1}

12 units (2.0 full-course equivalents) - Options^{1}

^{1}See ucalgary.ca/ensc/academicadvice for a list of recommended courses.

**Concentration in Geography and Arts**

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Archaeology 201 or Anthropology 203

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Biology 241, 243, 313, Ecology 417 and 419

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Chemistry 203 and 321

30 units (5.0 full-course equivalents) - Geography 211, 231, 251 or 253, 305 or 307, 313, 321, 333 or 357, 340, 413 or 417, and 415

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) – Geography 341 or 351 or 367 or 405 or 433 or 457

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) – Geography 421 or 429 or 529

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) – Statistics 327

12 units (2.0 full-course equivalents) - Economics 201, 203, 323 or 325 or 327 or 337 or 367 and 377

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 249 or 265 or 275; Mathematics 211 or 213 or 267 or 277

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Psychology 200 or 205 or Sociology 201

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Environmental Science 401, 501, 502 and 503

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Options from the Faculty of Arts^{1}

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Options^{1}

Recommended courses: Physics 211 or 221 and 223

^{1}See ucalgary.ca/ensc/academicadvice for a list of recommended courses.

**Concentration in Geology**

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Biology 241, 243, 313, Ecology 417 and 419

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Chemistry 201 or 211, 203 or 213 and 321

39 units (6.5 full-course equivalents) - Geology 201, 202 or 203, 313 or 423, 323, 333 or 311, 337, 341 or 343, 353 or 373, 381, 401, 475, 403 or 503, and 505

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Mathematics 211 or 213, 249 or 265 or 275 and 253 or 267 or 277

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Physics 211 or 221, and 223

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Statistics 327

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Environmental Science 401, 501, 502 and 503

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Options from Faculties other than the Faculty of Science, as noted in 4.6.1.1C (a)^{1}

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Options from Faculty of Arts^{1}

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Options

^{1}See ucalgary.ca/ensc/academicadvice for a list of recommended courses.

**Concentration in Physics**

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Biology 241, 243, 313, Ecology 417 and 419

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Chemistry 203 and 321

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Geology 201

18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) - Mathematics 211 or 213, Mathematics 275^{1} or 281, Mathematics 277^{1} or 283, Mathematics 375^{1}, Mathematics 377^{1}, Mathematics 311

36 units (6.0 full-course equivalents) - One of four sequences of Physics courses:

Option I: Physics 227, 255, 325, 341, 343, 397, 443, 449, 455, 561, 663 and one of Physics 375, 457, 497, 501^{2}, 507, 509, 543, or 593 or 599

Option II: Physics 223, 227, 323, 325, 341, 343, 397, 443, 449, 455, 561 and one of Physics 375, 457, 497, 501^{2}, 507, 509, 543, 593, 599 or 663

Option III: Physics 211 or 221, 255, 321, 325, 341, 343, 397, 443, 449, 455, 561, and one of 375, 457, 497, 501^{2}, 507, 509, 543, 593, 599 or 663

Option IV: Physics 211 or 221, 223, 321, 323, 325, 341, 343, 443, 449, 455, 561, and one of 375, 457, 501^{2}, 507, 509, 543, 593, 599 or 663

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Statistics 327

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Environmental Science 401, 501, 502 and 503

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Options from Faculties other than the Faculty of Science, as noted in 4.6.1.1C (a).

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Options from Faculty of Arts^{3}

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Options

^{1}The sequence Mathematics 249 or 265, 267, 367 plus Mathematics 311 can be used in place of Mathematics 275, 277, 375, 377 but is not recommended. Mathematics 267 plus 177 can be used in place of Mathematics 277.

^{2}Physics 501 requires Physics 457 as a prerequisite.

^{3}See ucalgary.ca/ensc/academicadvice for a list of recommended courses.

**Concentration in Statistics**

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Biology 241, 243, 313, Ecology 417 and 419

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Chemistry 203 and 321

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Geology 201

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Physics 211 or 221 and 223

12 units (2.0 full-course equivalents) - Mathematics 211 or 213, 249 or 265 or 275, 267 or 277, 367

18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) - Statistics 321, 323, 327, 421, 429 and 517

12 units (2.0 full-course equivalents) - Four of Statistics 423, 425, 505, 407 or 507, 519, 523, 525, 531

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Computer Science 217

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Environmental Science 401, 501, 502 and 503

9 units (1.5 full-course equivalents) - Options from Faculties other than the Faculty of Science, as noted in 4.6.1.1C (a).

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Options from the Faculty of Arts^{1}

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Options

^{1}See ucalgary.ca/ensc/academicadvice for a list of recommended courses.