Students may focus their program on one of two areas of interest by including a specified set of courses into their Major degree. Successful completion will mean that the area of concentration will appear on the transcript. Students should carefully plan their course selections to ensure that prerequisites for upper-level courses are obtained. Consultation with the Undergraduate Director on a regular basis is highly recommended.

**A. Concentration in Mathematical Finance and Risk Management**

The first 24 units (4.0 full-course equivalents) required in the Concentration, up to and including Applied Mathematics 311, are the same as in the Major program. The remaining 96 units (16.0 full-course equivalents) required in the Concentration are:

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Statistics 323

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Computer Science 217 and Computer Science 219; or Computer Science 231 and 233; or Computer Science 235 and Actuarial Science 325

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 421 or 423 or Pure Mathematics 421 or 521

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) – Mathematics 335 or 355 or Pure Mathematics 435 or 455

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) – Mathematics 445 or 447 or 545 or Pure Mathematics 445 or 545

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Statistics 421 and 507

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 411

18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) - Applied Mathematics 413, 481, 491, 493, 581, and 583

18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) - Breadth requirement: Options from Faculties other than the Faculty of Science (check Table I in 3.4 Program Requirements for ineligible courses). Of these 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents), at least 6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) must be from the Faculty of Arts. Science 311 may be counted among the 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) from other Faculties.

33 units (5.5 full-course equivalents) - Options

**B. Concentration in Computational Applied Mathematics**

The first 24 units (4.0 full-course equivalents) required in the Concentration, up to and including Applied Mathematics 311, are the same as in the Major program. The remaining 96 units (16.0 full-course equivalents) required in the Concentration are:

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Statistics 323

6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) - Computer Science 217 and Computer Science 219; or Computer Science 231 and 233; or 235 and 3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) senior-level Computer Science option or Applied Mathematics option

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 271 or 273

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Computer Science 331

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Software Engineering 301

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 421 or 423 or Pure Mathematics 421 or 521

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) – Mathematics 335 or 355 or Pure Mathematics 435 or 455

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 445 or 447 or 545 or Pure Mathematics 445 or 545

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - Mathematics 411

15 units (2.5 full-course equivalents) - Applied Mathematics 413, 425, 491, 493, and 503

18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) - Breadth requirement: Options from Faculties other than the Faculty of Science (check Table I in 3.4 Program Requirements for ineligible courses). Of these 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents), at least 6 units (1.0 full-course equivalent) must be from the Faculty of Arts. Science 311 may be counted among the 18 units (3.0 full-course equivalents) from other Faculties.

3 units (0.5 full-course equivalent) - choose one of Biology 241, Chemistry 201 or 203 or 211, Physics 211, 221 or 227

39 units (5.0 full-course equivalents) - Options