Instruction offered by members of the Department of CivilEngineering in the Schulich School of Engineering.
Department Head - R.C.K. Wong
Associate Heads – G. Achari, R. Tay and S. Lissel
Civil Engineering 102
Introduction to basic field and office survey exercises: leveling, traverse measurements, traverse computations, horizontal curve computations, horizontal curve setting out, satellite positioning and coordinate transformations. Course Hours:Q(32 hours) Notes: All CivilEngineering students must complete this course prior to entry to their fourth year of studies. Also known as:(formerly Civil Engineering 002) NOT INCLUDED IN GPA
A course utilizing computer tools to solve practical CivilEngineering problems. The course concentrates upon the use of spreadsheets, but also involves interaction with databases, computer graphics and computer programming for analysis, design and reporting. Problems will normally be derived from several core CivilEngineering sub-disciplines. Course Hours:H(2-3) Prerequisite(s):Engineering 233.
Structural systems. Principles of structural analysis and design process. Structural building materials. Loads on structures. Load paths for gravity and lateral loads. Structural safety. Philosophy of limit states design. Design philosophy for main structural members in steel, reinforced concrete, timber, and masonry. Introduction to Fibre Reinforced Polymer materials. Course Hours:H(3-2) Prerequisite(s):Engineering 317.
Analysis of statically determinate structures: reactions, member forces in trusses, bending moment, shearing force and axial force diagrams for beams and frames. Displacements due to bending: moment area theorems. Strain energy and virtual work. Displacements by virtual work. Normal stresses in nonsymmetrical sections; principal axes. Shear stress in beams; shear centre; shear stress in circular sections; torsion in non-circular sections. Principal stresses. Failure theories. Buckling of columns, inelastic buckling, plate buckling. Course Hours:H(3-1.5T) Prerequisite(s):Engineering 317.
Introduces system engineering techniques that can be used to analyze and provide rational solutions to a range of problems encountered in engineering and the related management decision-making process. The emphasis is on applications. Students are also expected to gain a detailed understanding of some of the techniques and tools available and their application in planning and managing engineering and construction projects. The course covers scheduling, Gantt chart and CPM, cash flow diagram forecasting, forecasting, linear programming, and decision analysis. Course Hours:H(3-2)
Goals and objectives of urban and regional transportation planning; the transportation planning process, trip generation, trip distribution, modal split, traffic assignment; transportation surveys and data collection; fundamentals of traffic flow; capacity and level of service; urban transportation technology; computer simulation models of urban transportation; environmental impacts; transportation systems management; energy consideration; pedestrian movement systems; urban goods movement; impact of transportation system on city growth; urban transportation policy and financing in Canada. Course Hours:H(3-2) Prerequisite(s):Transportation Studies 301orBiomedical Engineering 319orEngineering 319or consent of the Instructor. Also known as:(Transportation Studies 473)
The application of science and engineering principles to minimize adverse effects of human activity on the environment; physical and organic chemistry; environmental microbiology; characteristics of natural waters and how pollution impacts water quality and use; parameters for measuring water quality, sources of water pollution and characteristics of wastewater; sustainable development; environmental management systems including environmental impact assessments; water and wastewater technologies; coagulation, flocculation, filtration, primary and secondary wastewater treatment; sludge treatment and disinfection; solid and hazardous waste processing and disposal technologies. Course Hours:H(3-2) Prerequisite(s):Chemistry 209andMechanical Engineering 341.
Production and use of concrete for sustainability. Fundamental and engineering properties of cements, aggregates, supplementary cementing materials, chemical admixtures, concrete and other ingredients used to improve the performance and sustainability of concrete structures. Methods to reduce energy consumption and environmental impact associated with materials production and construction are emphasized. Course Hours:H(3-3/2) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 413.
Earth embankments; sub-surface investigations; compaction; seepage analysis and slope stability; lateral earth pressures and retaining structures; shallow and deep foundations in sands and clays; bearing capacity and settlement of structures; selected laboratory, design exercises, solution to slope stability and other problems using computer programs. Course Hours:H(3-1T-2/2) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 423.
Introduction to engineering hydrology; Meteorological factors in hydrology, radiation, temperature, humidity, wind; Physical hydrology, measurement and estimates of precipitation, evaporation and transpiration, groundwater flow, rainfall-runoff relation; hydrometry, stream flow measurement, stage-discharge relations; gauging stations; Linear theory of hydrological systems, hydrograph analysis, groundwater recession, unit hydrograph; Hydrology of floods, reservoir and river flood routing; Statistical hydrology, probability distributions, frequency analysis; Hydrological design, design storms, design flows. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Mechanical Engineering 341.
Review of basic concepts of fluid flow, types of flow, states of flow, equations of motion; Energy principle in open-channel flow, transition problem, specific energy, non-rectangular channel sections; Momentum equation in open-channel flow, hydraulic jump, specific force; Critical flow, critical flow applications, flow measurement; Uniform flow, formulae, Manning's n, uniform flow computations for prismatic and compound irregular cross-sections; Design of channels for uniform flow, nonerodible channels, erodible channels; Gradually varied steady flow, classification and computation of flow profiles, the discharge problem, computer applications; Flow around bridge piers and flow through culverts; Storm sewer design; Unsteady flow, equations of motion, numerical solutions, kinematic wave approximation, the method of characteristics. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Mechanical Engineering 341.
Structural analysis' role in design: idealized models. Review of analysis of statically determinate structures. Static indeterminacy; kinematic indeterminacy; principle of superposition; general methods for the analysis of statically indeterminate structures: the force (flexibility) method and the displacement (stiffness) method. Flexibility and stiffness matrices. Effects of moving loads. Strain energy and virtual work; calculation of displacements by virtual work. Use of computers for the analysis of plane frames and grids. Plastic analysis of continuous beams and frames. Visualization of deflection, bending moment and shearing force diagrams; comparison with diagrams generated by computers. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 461.
Energy theorems: application to transformation of forces, displacements, and stiffness and flexibility matrices. Application of the force method: column analogy. Application of the displacement method: moment distribution, Muller-Breslau principle; influence lines for beams and frames, arches, grids and trusses. Effects of axial forces on flexural stiffness of members. Plastic analysis of plates: yield line theory. Applications using available computer programs. Topics selected annually from the analysis of funicular systems, introduction to structural reliability analysis, analysis of shear wall systems, introduction to finite element analysis, and methods of fatigue and cumulative damage analysis. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 545.
Structural systems for buildings. Analysis and design of continuous beams and one-way slabs using moment coefficients as well as analysis and design by computer. Shear and torsion (general method). Bond and development. Serviceability. Two-way slabs and flat plates by direct design method, punching shear. Long columns. Walls: laterally loaded walls, bearing walls, shear walls. Footings: wall footings, isolated footings. Prestressed concrete: introduction, elastic analysis, deflections, flexural and shear strength. Use of computer programs where applicable. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 451. Corequisite(s):Civil Engineering 545.
Principles of limit states design of steel structures. Floor systems, resistance to horizontal forces. Properties of steel. Tension members. Eccentrically-loaded bolted and welded connections; connection details. Axially-loaded compression members. Laterally unsupported beams. Members subjected to bending and axial forces; beam-column effect. Composite beams. Plate girders. Use of available computer programs to assist in analysis and design of steel structures. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 451and545.
Introduction to engineering and construction management; planning, scheduling, estimating, cost control; project organization, human resource management; specifications; construction processes; manpower requirements; disputes and their resolution, social, economic and environmental impacts; regulatory requirements; project completion and commissioning. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 471. Also known as:(formerly Civil Engineering 465)
Role of public transport in a city; concepts of public and private benefits; economies of scale; main modes of urban public transport systems: rail, bus, van and other vehicles; mathematical analysis of mode of operation, route alignment, access, station & stop location, transfer protocols, time table, vehicle & fleet size, reliability; concepts of utility and value of time; detailed functional design & optimization of a bus route, rail line; introduction to design of bus and rail networks; and application of ITS concepts to public transport. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 473.
A team design project applying engineering and project management principles to prepare a multidisciplinary design and bid document for a civil engineering project. Students are expected to consult with local industry and professors in the Department. Teams will prepare a final report and will present this report to a committee, comprising of representatives from the Department and industry. Proposals should document and discuss the project development, design and execution plan with an emphasis on the technical, human resources and business aspects of the project. Initial engineering design for all CivilEngineering design aspects including: Environmental, Geotechnical, Hydraulics, Materials, Structural and Transportation. Preparation of design documents and specifications and presentation of competitive bids. Course Hours:F(0-4) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 413, 423, 451, 461, 473, 481or Department approval. Departmental approval will only be granted in exceptional cases if students are missing no more than two of the courses listed.
Theory and evidence in accident analysis and prevention. Topics include Haddon's matrix, crash data analysis, traffic enforcement, road safety advertising, fleet safety, road safety audits, vehicle safety and program evaluation. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 473andoneofBiomedical Engineering 319orEngineering 319.
Introduction to traffic engineering, traffic stream components, traffic stream characteristics, traffic studies, data collection, speed, travel time and delay studies, speed limits and advisory speeds, accident studies, parking studies, traffic barriers, traffic noise, capacity and level of service, warrants for traffic control devices, principles of intersection signalization, actuated and pretimed signals, signal control systems, progression, traffic systems management, local area traffic management studies, intelligent transportation systems, road safety audits. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Biomedical Engineering 319orEngineering 319or equivalent.
Approaches to mathematical and computer-based modelling for transportation planning; trip generation models, trip distribution models, mode split processes, assignment models; direct demand models; discrete-choice behavioural models; simplified transportation demand models; use of models in design and evaluation. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 473.
Planning, designing, constructing and maintaining asphalt pavement: physical parameters, economic considerations and governing specifications; optimum design based on: design loads, subgrade soil mechanics and aggregates; asphalt mix selection and preparation; construction methods; pavement failure mechanisms; prediction of long-term performance based on field and laboratory tests; performance criteria and the implementation of rehabilitation and recycling programs. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 423, Geology 471.
Water and wastewater quantities and quality, water distribution and wastewater collection systems, hydraulic considerations, flow through pipes and networks, design of sanitary sewers, storm drainage systems, physical, chemical, and biological processes for water and wastewater treatment: aeration, coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, single and multi-media filtration, disinfection, activated sludge system and trickling filter, design considerations, sludge processing and disposal. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 481andMechanical Engineering 341.
Environmental impact assessments, environmental audit protocols and plans, pre-assessment planning and preliminary assessment of contaminated sites, site investigation, field techniques and program implementation, remedial planning and design, cost and time analysis, physical, chemical and biological remediation techniques, land treatment, soil vapour extraction and solidification. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 481.
Sources of air and water pollution, acute and chronic health effects of pollution, environmental quality standards and compliance criteria, monitoring environmental quality, sampling techniques, fate and transport of pollutants in environmental media, particulates and gaseous pollutants in air medium, dissolved and suspended solids in water medium, air and water quality modelling, introduction to software. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 481.
Integrated waste management, solid and hazardous waste characterization and classification, reduce, reuse, recycle, resource recovery and utilization, composting, thermal techniques of waste treatment, fundamentals of waste degradation and disposal, geo-environmental aspects of landfill design, leachate and gas management at landfills. Course Hours:H(3-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 481.
Individual work on an assigned CivilEngineering topic under the supervision of a faculty member. The project will normally involve a literature review, theoretical and laboratory or field work. Submission of a mid-term progress report defended orally and a final report. Course Hours:H(0-5) Notes: Open to students who have completed the third year CivilEngineering program with a GPA of 3.00 or better and/or Department Heads approval.
Individual project intended for students who have completed a suitable CivilEngineering Individual Project and wish to continue the assigned research project by completing a more extensive investigation. A comprehensive written report is required which is defended and presented orally in a Department seminar. Course Hours:H(0-5) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 597and formal approval from the project supervisor and course coordinator(s).
Origin of bituminous materials. Production, composition, and internal structure. Natural and petroleum-refined bituminous materials. Characteristics of bituminous materials and their measurement. Basic material and rheological tests. Application of bituminous materials in asphalt paving technologies. Hot mixes and asphalt emulsions. Paving mix design, properties and testing. Main failure modes of asphalt pavements. Industrial asphalts. Environmental impacts of asphalt technologies. Course Hours:H(3-1)
Elements of tensor calculus. Constitutive equations. Linear and nonlinear viscoelasticity. Dielectric properties of materials. Rheometry. Temperature and molecular mass dependencies of material functions. Relations between material functions. Microstructure and rheology of materials. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Designed to provide graduate students, especially at the PhD level, with the opportunity of pursuing advanced studies in particular areas under the direction of a faculty member. Students would be required to consider problems of an advanced nature. Course Hours:H(3-0) MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT
Review of the displacement method of structural analysis, energy theorems, and transformation of force and displacement matrices. Computer analysis of framed structures: banded stiffness matrices, assemblage of stiffness matrices, displacement and support conditions and calculation of reactions, solution of banded equations. Structural symmetry, anti-symmetry and cyclic symmetry. Analysis of large structures by substructuring. Analysis of shear wall structures. Introduction to the finite element method: displacement functions, stiffness matrix formulation, consistent load vectors, isoparametric elements. Nonlinear analysis: effect of axial forces combined with large displacements, geometric stiffness matrix, Newton-Raphson techniques, examples of geometric nonlinearity, nonlinear buckling, cable networks including membrane elements, analysis of structures made of nonlinear materials. Structuring and composition of available structural analysis computer programs, and their applications. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Behaviour and Design of Reinforced Concrete Members
Behaviour and strength of reinforced concrete members; materials; safety; design of members subjected to flexure, compression, compression and flexure including biaxial bending, shear, torsion; bond and anchorage; slender columns; deep beams; serviceability; rotation capacity; relation between results of research and current design codes. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Serviceability of Concrete Structures: Advanced Topics
Material properties affecting serviceability: creep and shrinkage of concrete and relaxation of prestressed steel. Displacement method of analysis of strains and stresses due to temperature, creep and shrinkage; composite sections; cracked sections. Time-dependent internal forces; effects of loading, prestressing and construction in stages. Displacements of cracked members; crack spacing; stabilized cracks; force-induced and displacement-induced cracking. Deflections of beams, frames, slabs and floor systems. Non-linear effects of cracking on internal forces. Effects of temperature. Fatigue of cracked prestressed members. Corrosion; effects of cracking. Serviceability considerations of miscellaneous structures, e.g., bridges, water-retaining structures and pavements. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Discussion of linear finite element analysis; nonlinear analysis and iterative techniques; constitutive relations and failure theories; modelling of reinforcement and prestressing; cracking models and post-cracking behaviour; tension stiffening and strain softening; models for shear transfer; time-dependent effects of creep, shrinkage and temperature; behaviour under cyclic loading and dynamic effects; numerical examples and computer applications on analysis of beams, frames, slabs, shear panels and walls, thin shells, axisymmetric solids and three dimensional structures. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Fibre Reinforced Polymers for Construction and Repair of Structures
Properties and behaviour of various types of Fibre-Reinforced Polymers (FRP)materials. Limit States Design,procedures and design philosophy of structures reinforced or strengthened with FRP. Flexural and shear design. FRP systems for flexural and shear strengthening of structures. Axial strengthening of columns. Concrete prestressed with FRP. Durability and fire resistance, blast mitigation and repair using FRP. Case studies and field applications. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Behaviour and Design of Prestressed Concrete Bridges and Other Structures
Forces due to prestressing in statically indeterminate structures such as continuous beams, frames, slabs, using load balancing method, force method and prestressing influence coefficients. Limit analysis of continuous prestressed concrete structures. Design of prestressed flat slabs. Initial and time-dependent deflections. Effect of creep and shrinkage in statically indeterminate structures; effect of differential settlement; creep behaviour of structures made continuous by cast-in situ concrete. Discussion of various types of prestressed concrete bridges; selection of cross-section, pier arrangement, abutments, approach slab, bearings. Loads. Design of skew and curved bridges. Cable layout in skew and curved bridges. Methods of bridge construction. Aesthetic considerations in bridge design. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Behaviour and Design of Prestressed Concrete Members
Flexural analysis and design of prestressed and partially prestressed concrete members based on stresses, deflections and strength. Design of members subjected to shear, torsion, compression or tension. Fire resistance. Composite members. Bond and anchorage zones. Prestressing losses and time-dependent deformations. Discussion of current design standards. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Numerical analysis of simple systems; rigorous analysis of one-degree systems; lumped mass multi-degree systems and structures with distributed mass and load; approximate analysis and design methods; earthquakes, blast-resistant design, beams subjected to moving loads; calculation of results by analog and digital computer. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Introduction to seismology, ground movements, typical accelograms. Response spectra for linear and non-linear responses, role of damping and inelastic behaviour. Equivalent lateral load for design, code requirements. Structural design concepts to mitigate seismic effects. Design of steel structures for earthquake motions. Design of concrete frames and walls for earthquake motions. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 639.
The objective of this course in engineering risk analysis and risk assessment is to familiarize students with the principles and techniques of quantitative risk analysis. Key focus points are the treatment of uncertainties, the attitude of conservatism, risk perception, the careful use of quantitative risk measures, and a discussion of the dangers tasks facing risk-based decision makers. Includes: Hazards, risk, risk analysis, risk assessment; risk measures; probability, uncertainty modelling, stochastic variables; using and misusing data, reliability, tails; risk assessment frameworks, models in health and environmental risk analysis, models in engineering risk analysis; risk perception, risk comparison; and practical case studies. Course Hours:H(3-0)
The concepts of risk and reliability, uncertainties, and engineering decision making. Focuses on both aspects of uncertain systems, mainly structures, but also soils and environments, namely analysis and design. Techniques for structural reliability-based design and optimization are discussed and supplemented by practical applications. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Basic topics in probability theory. Random processes: time and frequency domain characteristics, differentiation and integration, stationary and ergodic processes; review of basic structural dynamics; random structural vibrations on simple oscillators and multiple degree-of-freedom systems. Response of linear and nonlinear systems; examples; threshold crossing, extreme peaks, reliability; applications in earthquake and offshore engineering. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Terminology. Conceptual framework of method; shape function; continuity at nodes; numerical integration; matrix assembly; solution methods; sources of error and poor performance; mesh sensitivity; element types, their selection and behaviour; use of software. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Theory and Applications of the Finite Element Method
Theory of the finite element method with emphasis on applications to structural analysis. Scope of the method, use of basic equations of elasticity, displacement (stiffness) method of analysis, energy theorems applied to finite elements, element matrices; the isoparametric formulation; applications in structural analysis, heat conduction and other non-structural problems. Use of available finite element programs for analysis of space frames, plates subjected to in-plane forces, plates in bending, spatial structures and heat transfer. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Methods of theoretical analysis for solving partial differential equations associated with Geotechnical and Structural Engineering. Variational Principles, Principle of Virtual Work and Galerkin Method. Theory of finite element and focus on its computer implementation for analysis of engineering problems. Typical applications include two- and three-dimensional stress analysis, seepage flow, and coupled fluid flow-solid deformation problems. Advanced topics: numerical strategies for solving material and geometric non-linearities (plasticity and large deformations), poro-elasticity and plasticity, strain localization, and presentation of other numerical techniques such as finite difference, boundary element, discrete element methods. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Principle of effective stress in saturated soil, unsaturated soil and clay. Engineering properties of soils. Shear strength and deformation characteristics of soils in static, cyclic, drained and/or undrained loading. Laboratory testing of soils. One-dimensional consolidation, poro-elastic deformation, swelling mechanism, time-dependent deformation and soil contamination in soils. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Engineering properties of intact rock and rock mass. Rock classification. Slope and underground excavation; groundwater flow in fractured rock; poro-elastic deformation analyses; hydraulic fracturing. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Definition of a continuous medium. Description of deformable continuous media; concepts of stress, strain and their invariants. Constitutive equations geomaterials as a generic for soil, rock and concrete materials in civil engineering. Review of elasticity theory. Introduction to yielding, plastic flow and failure phenomena in geomaterials. Limit analysis with applications to both geotechnical and structural engineering. Stress-strain behaviour for both cohesive and granular materials. Constitutive models based on critical state theory will be presented. Other topics such as strain localization and fracture phenomena may be included as appropriate. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Advanced Project Management Practices and Principles
Advanced practices, tools and concepts in managing complex volatile or large projects. SMARTâ„¢ project management based on best practices in diverse industries forms the basis of this course. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 691, 697and consent of the Program Director.
Application of management principles to the project environment; planning, control, scope, time and cost processes; project organization and human resource issues. Students review aspects of a current major capital project and submit and defend a project report. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s): Consent of the Program Director. Also known as:(Business and Environment 691)
Role of the engineering manager in the project management team. The engineering firm, its organization and function; project development, engineering project control; design control; scope and estimate control; engineering interfaces with procurement and construction; engineering responsibility in project commissioning start-up and operations. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s): Consent of the Program Director.
Role of the construction manager in the project management team; project options for the management of construction; managing the contractor's business; labor relations; claims; contractor(s) responsibility in project commissioning start-up and operations. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s): Consent of the Program Director.
Strategic and tactical planning; planning for scope, quality, time and cost; selection and implementation of project management information system; economic and risk analysis; planning for construction labor relations. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s): Consent of the Program Director.
Legal issues related to the effective management of projects. Introduction to the legal system and processes; environmental law; intellectual property nondisclosure; professional liability; contract law; strategic alliances; employment law; the builder's lien act. Cases are reviewed and students are expected to complete a number of assignments requiring research into case law. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s): Consent of the Program Director. Notes: This course may not be taken for credit towards the LLB or LLM degrees.
Traffic stream characteristics, related field surveys; advanced probability distributions of headway, flow and speed under peak, off-peak, platoon-flow conditions; analysis of density contours; the generalized car-following model, related macro-models of traffic streams, practical applications; Traffic incident analysis; Two-lane highways; actuated and pretimed traffic signals; two-way coordination of signals; introduction to network controls. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Modelling for transport planning; data in transport modelling; trip generation modelling; trip distribution modelling; modal split modelling; direct demand models; traffic assignment; equilibrium in transport modelling; discrete-choice models; specification and estimation of logit models; aggregation issues; simplified transport demand models; model updating and transferability. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s): Consent of the Department.
Sample enumeration modelling; practical aspects of logit model estimation and calibration; disaggregate choice behaviour data; practical 4-step transport demand modelling using conventional software packages; application of computer-based network assignment models. Course Hours:H(2-4) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 707or consent of the Department.
Economic characteristics of transport; movement and location; transport demand; direct costs of transport; the value of travel time; external costs of transport; shadow prices; pricing of transport services; containment of external costs of transport; private and public sector investment analysis in transport; transport and economic development; transport policy. Course Hours:H(3-0) Prerequisite(s): Consent of the Department.
Planning and management of water supply systems. Components of water supply systems. Water supply systems. Water demand forecasting. Simulation modelling of water distribution systems. Design of water distribution systems. Operational control and pump scheduling. Reliability and security of supply. Water losses and leakage control. Water pricing and water conservation. Introduction to optimization. Course Hours:H(2-1) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 581or consent of the Department. Notes: Not open to students with credit in Civil Engineering 619.52or 719.
Overview of physical and statistical hydrology. Theory of unsteady flow, simplified equations, applications in overland flow and channel flood routing using numerical techniques. Linear theory of hydrologic systems, instantaneous unit hydrograph. Precipitation analysis, probable maximum precipitation, design storms. Design flood hydrograph studies, application of the Soil Conservation Service method. Statistical analysis of hydrological variables, some probability distributions and their applications: regionalization, droughts, reservoir yield analysis and introduction to stochastic modelling. Course Hours:H(3-3) Prerequisite(s):Civil Engineering 533or equivalent.
Specialized biological wastewater treatment processes for removal of impurities not effectively removed by conventional secondary wastewater treatment systems, such as nutrients (e.g. nitrogen and phosphorus), residual organics, residual solids, bacteria and viruses. Wetlands. Activated sludge modelling. Biological nutrient removal. Sludge management. Disinfection. Course Hours:H(3-0) Notes:Credit for both Civil Engineering 741andEnvironmental Engineering 663 will not be allowed. Also known as:(Environmental Engineering 663)
Computational Methods for Environmental Engineering
Taylor series, numerical integration. Linear and nonlinear algebraic equations and solvers. Ordinary and partial differential equations. Finite difference methods: explicit, implicit and Crank-Nicholson methods. Finite difference, finite element or finite volume numerical approximations. Initial and boundary value problems. Boundary conditions, discretization considerations, and design of approximations, accuracy and error reductions. Applications in environmental engineering, such as pollutant dispersion and transport, will be discussed. Course Hours:H(3-0) Notes:Credit for both Civil Engineering 743andEnvironmental Engineering 625 will not be allowed. Also known as:(Environmental Engineering 625)
Integrated waste management. Functional and fundamental properties of hazardous waste. Toxicological properties of contaminants. Contaminant release mechanisms. Fate and transport of contaminants in the environment. Contaminated site assessment principles. Quantitative human health risk assessment (QHHRA) as applied to contaminated sites. Hazard identification, exposure pathway analysis, risk characterization. Risk management and site remediation. Methods of hazardous waste treatment and contaminated site remediation. Secure land disposal of hazardous waste and contaminated soils and sludges. Course Hours:H(3-0) Notes:Credit for both Civil Engineering 745andEnvironmental Engineering 655 will not be allowed. Also known as:(Environmental Engineering 655)
Overview of soil remediation engineering. Contaminant partitioning in air, water and gas phases. Phases of site assessments, Physical and chemical treatment processes, soil vapour extraction, air sparging, soil washing, soil flushing, thermal desorption and incineration, solidification and stabilization, vitrification, biological treatment processes, bioremediation kinetics, ex situ and in situ techniques. Liquid phase bioremediation as it pertains to soil remediation. Course Hours:H(3-0) Notes:Credit for both Civil Engineering 747andEnvironmental Engineering 653 will not be allowed. Also known as:(Environmental Engineering 653)
Soil-chemical interactions and implications in waste disposal system design; landfill design principles; leachate production, leachate migration in the unsaturated/saturated zones; analytical and numerical solution of flow and transport equations; applications and case studies of groundwater contamination; design and construction of barrier systems; bioreactor landfills; landfill closure issues; greenhouse gas control systems. Course Hours:H(3-0) Notes:Credit for both Civil Engineering 749andEnvironmental Engineering 651 will not be allowed.
Avalanche motion and protection including avalanche terrain, frictional flow, impact pressures, avalanche risk for fixed structures, elements of structural defence, and run-out estimation based on statistical models, dynamic models, air photo interpretation, field studies of vegetation and historical records. Course Hours:H(3-0)
Snowpack properties and processes including meteorological and ground effects on the snowpack, energy balance at the snow surface, snowpack stratigraphy, metamorphism of snow grains, bonding, as well as spatial and temporal variability of the snowpack. Avalanche initiation including deformation and failure of weak layers, models of slab failure and fracture propagation. Concepts of snow stability, avalanche forecasting and avalanche risk for recreationists. Course Hours:H(3-0)